Chapter 1 “The Writing Process” Pgs. 3-12
* Type of writing that explains, discusses, describes, analyzes, and argues the bulk of everyday tasks that you’ll most likely be called upon to do in your career. * Includes every kind of workaday job, ranging from memos and descriptions to evaluations summaries and formal proposals. * Mostly pragmatic and unglamorous.
The AIM of good writing
* Ways to achieve clarity: repeated writing
* They key to composing a paper is by repeatedly going back and forth over the text until you have it ‘right’. This is known as Recursive. * Good writing cannot be taught, it can be learned.
Process and Structure of Writing
* Process is the preparation made before putting the words down on paper. * This prewriting process involves exploring, inventing, scribbling at random, focusing ideas, or any other way of coming to terms with the writing assignment. * Structure is the form in which the writer’s ideas are molded and expressed (the essay). How many rough drafts: Instructors suggest at least three.
Personal vs. Objective Writing
* Personal is the writing in which you and your feelings and opinions take stage. The opinions you express in personal writing do not need to be supported or proved. * Objective focuses impartially on a subject. It expresses and supports your opinions on the subject. When an opinion is given, you must say why you hold it and justify it with facts with the views of others. Generating Ideas with Journal Writing
* Journal – personal record of your thoughts. It should be a collection of your personal observations and innermost feelings. * First step to journal writing: keep a notebook handy. Recording your thoughts on the spur of the moment is the key to journal writing. * Guidelines include: record your impressions about life, write on a fairly basis (when you feel like it), writing down anything you feel like saying. * The point is to connect your feelings with daily life.
Assembling a Portfolio
* Method of gathering samples of your best work in a folder to be reviewed and judged later. This gives practice to you at evaluating your own writing. * It preserves samples of your college writing long after you leave school. Chapter 3 “Elements of Writing” Pgs. 32-46
* Always included in formal writing. A purpose may be implied in the presentation of the material or announced in the opening lines. * Forgetting one’s purpose is a common mistake that writers make. * Having a clear purpose for writing benefits both the writer and the reader. The writer starts out with a makeshift map that depicts the limits of coverage. If purpose is used the way it will the writer where to go and where not to. * This type of communication, particularly in writing is what practical readers expect. * What a writer should get from a well-composed purpose is a guide for choosing words, sentences, and details. Audience
* It is in your best option to tailor your work to a specific audience. Tailoring your work means presenting it in a style and form appropriate to its readers. * Who are my readers? What do they know about my subject? What am I trying to say to them, and how can I best say it? These are the questions a write asks before beginning an assignment. * Who does the student right for? – Audience assigned by instructor. Pattern
* Pattern is the specific rhetorical strategy you use to develop your idea into an essay. * The pattern serve a useful function by allowing the student a second way of conceptualizing the writing task. * There are nine rhetorical patterns.
Narration– A paragraph or essay that tells a story sometimes from the third-person point of view Description– A paragraph or essay that uses dominant impression as central theme to unify its descriptive details Example – A paragraph or essay that begins with a...