* “Capable of high attainments as an intellectual and moral being - needing nothing but a comparatively small amount of cultivation to make him an ornament to society and a blessing to his race - by the law of the land, by the voice of the people, by the terms of the slave code, he was only a piece of property, a beast of burden, a chattel personal, nevertheless!” * Page 4
* Pathos, logos
* The audience of this piece is educated, white abolitionist men from the north. Because of this, this speaker chooses to frequently use logos to make his argument, which is evident in this passage. He is straight forward in describing what it truly means to be a slave, and how they are of no lesser value than white people. These are simply facts, but the tone in which they are presented enable the audience/reader to understand where he is coming from and take his side.
* “I reminded the audience … might burst of feeling.” * Page 4
* The audience is abolitionists and the author presents them with an opportunity to take action by using pathos. He knows his audience wants to do something to stop slavery, but has no power to (being from Massachusetts), so he gives them the opportunity to “protect [Douglass] as a brother-man.” He also uses an impassioned tone to effectively arouse the reader.
* “An American sailor … THE DOMESTIC INSTITUTION!” * Page 6
* The exigence (issue being addressed?) of this piece is the issue of slavery. Most pro-slavery people truly believed that blacks were of lesser value than them, and were of no potential benefit to society other than working as a slave. The author of the preface uses the logos appeal to prove this to be untrue, by explaining that the characteristics of a slave exist not because of the slave’s race, but because of the slavery itself. The capitalization of “the domestic institution” makes him sound more emotional and strong, as if he is yelling because he is so upset over the issue.
* “Mr. Douglass has frankly disclosed … if they are untrue.” * Page 8
* “Again, we have known you long … fair specimen of the whole truth.” * Page 11
* These two passages are clear ethos appeal for Fredrick Douglass. Though someone else wrote both excerpts, they both give Douglass credibility that will carry on into his narrative. It makes Douglass’ narrative more powerful as a whole because the reader truly believes what he or she is reading. * “There is no single spot … I should throw the MS. into the fire.” * Page 11
* Pathos, logos
* Since the audience is mostly abolitionists, the author uses the logos appeal here to evoke a pathos appeal in them. He says that there is nowhere that a slave can ever truly be safe. People that were pro-slavery would probably think nothing of this statement, but this audience is educated and open-minded, and is able to recognize how unfair a situation the slaves are in. The impact of this quote is great, because the readers realize how trapped the slaves were and it makes the readers feel for them and want to do something about it.
* “By far the larger part… tell of his birthday.” * Page 13
* The audience is educated, and these facts are given to show how these slaves are intentionally dehumanized to prevent them from being able to develop even the most basic knowledge of themselves as individuals. It is effective because it shows the readers that it is not the slaves fault that they appear less educated, it is because they are intentionally kept ignorant.
* “She made her journeys to see me in the night, travelling the whole distance on foot, after the performance of her day’s work.” * Page 14
* Logos, pathos
* In this passage, Douglass is talking about his mother....