A THESIS SUBMITTED TO TRINITY COLLEGE (ITALY)
In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree of
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN ENGLISH
Submitted by: Shailaja A. Patil Lecturer in English
HKE’ SMT. V.G. COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, GULBARGA
My Parents Late Prof A.U.Patil, Smt Laxmidevi A.Patil. My Parents-in-law Late Shri Neelkantappa Mugali and Late Smt Ambavou Mugali. To my dear husband Dr.R.N.Mugali. And my son Avinsh.R.Mugali.
For Without whose emotional support and care I am nothing now.
This is to certify that the ‘Study Of Feminism In Shashi Deshpande’s Novels, a research self-study, has been based on the literature available to me. The Research Study has been under taken according to the norms set by your esteemed institution ‘National Institute For Research and Education New Delhi ’, The Study though not a exhaustive exercise, but a peripheral exercise experience faced by the female protagonists of Shashi Deshpande, have gone over the past four decade of predicament of women’s existence. The total indepth experience of women in all her roles, their inner assets, achievements, problems, frustrations, and their intrinsic impact on the future generations cannot be summed up and introspected and documented completely. The Thesis or any part of the work has not been submitted for any other degree to any university. This work is my honest and earnest study of the element of feminism in Shashi Deshpande’s female protagonists. The research work is submitted to your institution “National Institution For Research and Education for the purpose of Assessment.
28th June 2006
The Research study on ‘Feminism in Shashi Deshpande’s novel’ is prepared with utmost care. In course of preparation of the research study, it was no doubt a strenuous test but was a purposeful academic exercise. I am greatful to all encouragement rendered by The president, Vice President, secretary and governing council members of Hyderbad Karnataka Education Society, Gulbarga, and The Principal, my colleagues of Smt Veeramma Gangoshri College for Woman. In this endeavor for which I am gratefully thankful. I record my gratitude to my principal Prof C.R.Bada, for his wholehearted support, and timely guidance. My wholehearted thanks to my son, Avinash, who readily supplied the necessary details & data for the study. I profusely thank my husband Dr.R.N.Mugali, for his unconditional Cooperation, moral support, and his insightful guidance. He has helped me at every step and made me present my best in it.
My special thanks to Shivling Garampalli, and veru, for their sincere and tireless work in typing and computerizing the whole work.
Chapters Page No Foreword. Certificate. Acknowledgement. Introduction. About the author. Feminism. The Dark Holds No Terror. Roots and Shadows. That Long Silence. The Binding Vine. A Matter of Time. Small Remedies. Moving On. Conclusion. 14. 38. 55. 99. 130. 174. 208. 234. 254. 274. 5
“In childhood a women should be under her father’s control, in youth under her husband’s and when her husband is dead, under her sons, she should not have independence…” (The laws of Manu 5.148) The importance of Human experience, denied of female voice is a tilted, distorted one Men, right from the beginning, have had every advantage in telling us their own stories. They had education, a much higher degree, to articulate and voice their dominance. But, Women had no education, nor were they strong to voice. Right from Christine de Pisan Mary Wollstone Craft, from Simone de Beauvior to Jane Austen and beyond, Women have been demanding their rights in a male centric world. Feminism is a protest movement launched by women of the...