Experiment 21: Reaction of Some Akyl Halides

Topics: Sodium chloride, Potassium iodide, Ethanol Pages: 4 (667 words) Published: March 17, 2013
Experiment 21: Reaction of some Akyl Halides
Completed on November 13, 2012
Purpose
The purpose of this experiment was to examine reactiveness of 10 organic compounds under both SN1 and SN2 conditions.

Table of Chemicals

CompoundStructureMolecular Weight (g/ml)Boiling Point (°C)Melting Point (°C)Density (g/ml)Safety 1-bromobutane 137.03102-1121.269Flammable, irritant
2-chloro-2-methylpropane 92.5751-260.89Flammable, irritant acetone
58.0856.5-950.793flammable
Crotyl Chloride 90.5573-650.923Flammable, irritant
Benzyl Chloride 126.59179-431.211Flammable, irritant
Bromobenzene 157.02156-311.491Flammable, irritant
bromocyclohexane 163.10167-571.324Irritant, flammable
Bromocyclopentane 149.03138-951.390Irritant, flammable 1-chlorobutane 92.5878-1230.881Irritant, Flammable
2-chlorobutane 92.5768-1400.870Flammable, Irritant
2-bromobutane 137.0291-1121.250Flammable, Irritant
Ethyl Alcohol 46.0779-1140.789Flammable, Irritant
Silver Nitrate 169.874442124.350irritant
Sodium Iodide 149.8913006513.667irritant
water 18.02100 at 1atm0 at 1atm 0.997none

Procedure
See Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques: A Microscale Approach, 5th edition by Pavia, Lampman Kriz, and Engel pages: 186-189 Experiment 21: Reaction of some Alkyl Halides

See carbon copy pages: 33-35

Observations

See carbon copy pages: 33-35
Results:

CompoundsAgNo3 (RT)AgNO3 (50°C)
2-ChlorobutaneNo reactionNo reaction
2-Bromobutanecloudy------
1-ChlorobutaneNo reactionCloudy, precipitate
1-Bromobutanecloudy------
t-butyl ChlorideCloudy------
Crotyl Chloridecloudy------
Benzyl Chloridecloudy------
BromobenzeneNo reactionNo reaction
Bromocyclohexanecloudy------
Bromocyclopentanecloudy------

CompoundsNaI (RT)NaI (50°C)
2-ChlorobutaneNo reactionNo reaction
2-BromobutaneNo reactionNo reaction
1-ChlorobutaneNo reactionNo reaction...
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