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Hourly 1 Learning Objectives

Introduction To Cognitive Neuroscience
Reading: Gazzaniga et al. Chpt 1
Learning objectives:
* Define the term Cognitive Neuroscience
* Describe the contributions of the following scientists/physicians to our understanding of the brain: Rene Descartes, Thomas Willis, Paul Broca, Carl Wernicke, Gustav Fritsch & Eduard Hitzig, Korbinian Brodmann, Santiago Ramon y Cajal; Camillo Golgi. * Describe the contributions of the following scientists to our understanding of the mind and behavior: Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky. * Describe the clinical and anatomical evidence that supports the hypothesis that different areas of the brain mediate different functions

Cells of the Nervous System
Reading: Gazzaniga et al. Chpt 2
Learning objectives:
* Describe the 2 main types of cells in the nervous system * Describe the resting potential and how it is maintained * Describe how the action potential is generated and propagated throughout the cell * Describe the relative and absolute refractory periods

* Explain how myelin increases the action potential conduction velocity * Explain how axon diameter affects the action potential conduction velocity * Explain why axons can regenerate in the peripheral nervous system by not the central nervous system * Explain how local anesthetics work

* Explain how myelin contributes to the symptoms of multiple sclerosis * Describe how an action potential in the pre-synaptic terminal results in the release of neurotransmitter * Describe how a neurotransmitter binding to a receptor in the post-synaptic cell results in a post-synaptic potential. * Compare and contrast metabotrophic and ionotrophic neurotransmitter-receptor interactions * Explain why acetylcholine is excitatory in the central nervous system and inhibitory in the peripheral nervous system * Explain how the actions of neurotransmitters are terminated * Compare and contrast action potentials and synaptic potentials

Neuroanatomy
Reading: Gazzaniga et al. Chpt 3 pp. 59-87
Learning objectives:
* Describe the terms used to identify direction in the nervous system (anterior, posterior, dorsal, ventral, superior, inferior, medial lateral) * Be able to distinguish the central and peripheral nervous systems * Locate the 4 lobes of the cerebral cortex (frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal) * Identify the major sulci that separate the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes (central sulcus, Sylvian fissure, saggital sulcus) * Locate the primary sensory (somatosensory, auditory, visual) and motor (primary motor cortex) areas of the cerebral cortex, and describe their main functions * Locate the 3 major regions of the prefrontal cortex: pre-motor, prefrontal (dorsolateral & ventrolateral), and orbitofrontal cortices, and describe their main functions. * Compare and contrast the neocortex, allocortex (archicortex), and mesocortex, and give examples of each. * Locate the limbic cortical areas (orbitofrontal, cingulate, parahippocampal, subcallosal cortices) * Identify the 3 major tracts that connect the left and right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex (corpus callosum, anterior commissure, posterior commissure) * Locate the thalamus and hypothalamus (diencephalon) and describe their main functions * Locate the basal ganglia and describe its main function * Locate the hippocampus and describe its main function

* Locate and identify the major subdivisions of the brainstem: diencephalon, midbrain, pons, medulla and describe their main functions * Locate the spinal cord, and describe its main function

* Identify the 3 layers of protective tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord (dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater) * Describe the role of cerebrospinal fluid
* Describe where cerebrospinal fluid is found in the brain

Research Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience...
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