1. Explain President Lincoln and President Johnson’s Reconstruction Plans. - In 1863, President Lincoln used his power of presidential pardon when he issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction to bring about immediate restoration of the Union. He used the 10% plan. After the war the American peopled needed unification. After Lincolns death, Johnson dad to evaluate the status of the states that had succeeded. By presidential proclamation he appointed a governor for each of the former Confederate states and freely restored political rights to large numbers of Southern citizens through use of presidential pardons. To deal with one of its major concerns -- the condition of former slaves -- Congress, in March 1865, established the Freedmen's Bureau to act as guardian over African Americans and guide them toward self-support. And in December of that year, Congress ratified the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which abolished slavery. both 10 % had to be eligible to vote for 1860 election, cant hold any type of office for confederate -Hold conventions to repeal ordinance of succession
-abolish slavery and ratify 13th amendment
-repudiate war dept
-draft new state constitutions
-appoint a native unionist as governor in each state
What did these plans require former Confederate states to do in order to re-enter the Union? - Any Confederate State could form a Union Government when a number equal to 10% of those who had voted in the 1860 presidential election took an oath of allegiance to the Constitution of the United States of America and the Union and had received a presidential pardon. Those 10% also had to swear to support laws dealing with emancipation of slaves. Who supported the plans?
-carpetbaggers, union vets,
Who did not support the plans?
-scallawags, southern white republicans.
Were these plans implemented?
How were these plans superseded?
2. Explain the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution. How...