Drug Study

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DRUG STUDY

DRUGACTIONINDICATION / CONTRAINDICATIONNURSING RESPONSIBILITIES Generic Name:
Cephalexin

Classification:
Cephalosporin

Dosage:
500 mg capsule

Frequency:
TID

Route:
POMechanism of Action:
They stop or slow the growth of bacterial cells by preventing bacteria from forming the cell wall that surrounds each cell. The cell wall protects bacteria from the external environment and keeps the contents of the cell together.

Adverse Reactions:
diarrhea, nausea, sore throat, abdominal pain, vomiting, headaches, dizziness, skin rash, fever, confusion, weakness, abnormal liver tests and vaginitis.
Indications:
Treatment of infections caused by susceptible pathogens in respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, soft tissue and bone.

Contraindications:
Hypersensitivity to drug, colitis, GI disorders, renal impairment, liver impairment, pregnancy, infants below 1 month. Observe the 10 rights oRight Patient
oRight Drug
oRight Dose
oRight Time
oRight Route
oRight to refuse
oRight Assessment
oRight Education
oRight Documentation
oRight Evaluation
Ask for any history of Allergy to the drug, renal failure, hepatic impairment, GI disorders •Advise patient to complete prescribed
course of therapy to
Tell patient that yogurt and buttermilk can
help maintain intestinal flora and decrease
diarrhea during therapy.
Urge patient to immediately report watery,
bloody stools

DRUG ACTION INDICATION / CONTRAINDICATIONNURSING RESPONSIBILITIES Generic Name:
ATS (Anti-tetanus Serum)

Brand Name:
Equine

Classification:
Immunologic Agent

Dosage:
3000 IU

Frequency:
STAT

Route:
IMMechanism of Action:
Anti-tetanus Serum binds to the tetanus toxin in your blood, blocking the toxin's action on the body's systems.

Adverse Reactions:
Fever, itching or skin rashes, swelling joints, pains, administering the serum with positive sensitivy test result may lead to anaphylactic shock.

Indications:
Prophylaxis and treatment of tetanus.

Contraindications:
Hypersensitivity reaction to the serum globulin or any of its components, a hypersensitivity reaction to a test dose, and any condition that will contraindicate intramuscular injection such as thrombocytopenia.

Observe 10 rights in giving medications:
oRight Patient
oRight Drug
oRight Dose
oRight Time
oRight Route
oRight to refuse
oRight Assessment
oRight Education
oRight Documentation
oRight Evaluation
Ask for any history of allergy to the drug
Assess site for administration
Monitor for any occurrence of side effects
Perform skin testing before administration

DRUGSACTIONINDICATION / CONTRAINDICATIONNURSING RESPONSIBILITIES

Generic Name:
Cefuroxime

Classification:
Antibiotic

Frequency:
Q8°

Route:
IVTT

Dose:
750mg
Mechanism of Action:
Bactericidal: Inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell wall, causing cell death.

Adverse Reaction:
CNS: Headache, dizziness, lethargy, paresthesias
GI: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, abdominal pain, flatulence GU: Nephrotoxicity
Hematologic: Bone marrow depression
Hypersensitivity: Ranging from rash to fever to anaphylaxis; serum sickness reaction Local: Pain, abcess at injection site, phlebitis, inflammation at IV site

Indications:
Lower respiratory infections
Dermatologic infections
UTI
Meningitis
Bone and joint infections
Septicemia
Treatment of acute bacterial maxillary sinusitis

Contraindications:
Contraindicated with allergy to cephalosporins or penicillins •Use cautiously with renal failure, lactation, pregnancy

Observe 10 rights in giving medications:
Right Patient
Right Drug
Right Dose
Right Time
Right Route
Right to refuse
Right Assessment
Right Education
Right Documentation
Right Evaluation
Culture infection and arrange fotr sensitivity tests before and during therapy if expected response is...
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