Dante's Inferno Exam Review

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Dante’s La Divina Commedia

1.Dante’s Life
a.Born in Florence Italy (Birthplace of the Renaissance)
b.Wrote in italian
c.Greatest poet of all time
d.Due to his political views, banished in 1382
2.Dante’s Work
a.The Divine Comedy (EPIC POEM)
i.Inferno
ii.Purgatory
iii.Paradise
3.Dante’s Inspiration
a.Beatrice of Florentine
i.Dante’s love even though both of them are married
ii.Guide in Paradise
b.Virgil the poet
i.Guide through purgatory and inferno
ii.Dante’s levels of hell are based off of Virgil from the 6th book of the Aeneid 4.The Divine Comedy
a.Written in exile
b.Took 13 years to make
c.3 sections
i.Inferno (Hell)
ii.Purgatorio ( Purgatory)
iii.Paradiso (Paradise)
d.Each section divided into cantos
i.Total 100 cantos
1.34
2.33
3.33
e.Written in 3 line stanzas called terza rima (song)
i.Dante created terza rima
f.The number 3 had importance to dante ( 3 persons in 1 god ex. The father, the son, the holy spirit) 5.Story of the Divine Comedy
a.Dante is the main character
i.1st stop- Hell
1.sinners receive punishment
ii.2nd stop- Purgatory
1.a place of temporary punishment
iii.3rd stop- Paradise
1.standing by the throne of God
b.Set during Easter
c.named comedy because it ends happily
d.very popular during his time
6.Allegory
a.Dante represents human kind
b.Virgil, the guide through Purgatory and Hell, is human reason c.Beatrice, the guide through Paradise is faith and divine knowledge 7.Importance of Work
a.Vast learning( allusions to mythology, history, and contemporaries) b.Analysis of social problems in medivial Italy
c.Imaginative power
8.The Inferno
a.Starts out with the river Acheron
i.Ferried over the river by Charon
b.First Circle- Limbo
i.Souls of Virtious Pagan who were born before Christ
ii.Unbaptized babies
c.Second circle-The Lustful
i.People who were lustful
ii.Tossed around in a violent storm
d.Third circle- Gluttony
i.Ppl who take excess of anything
ii.Guarded by Ceberus
iii.Drowning in excrement while being pelted by freezing rain e.Fourth circle: The Avaricious and Prodigal
i.The overly greedy & overly giving souls
ii.Roll boulders for eternity
f.Fifth circle- the Wrathful
i.Souls of the mean and evil
ii.Fight away themselves while drowning in the river styx
g.Sixth Circle- Heretics
i.Intellectually stubborn
ii.Burned alive underground in tombs
h.Seventh Circle
i.1st ring- Violence Against someone you know
1.guarded by minatours
2.drowning in boiling blood while centaurs attack
ii.2nd ring- Suicides and Violence against oneself
1.turned into a plant
2.burned for eternity while being attacked by dogs
iii.3rd ring- Violence against others
1.rain of fire while on scorching sand
i.Eight ring: Fraud
i.Souls of basic deceivers
ii.Punishments include
1.demon whipping
2.drowning in shit
3.heads turned backwards
4.boiled in tar
5.cloaks of lead
6.reptile attacks
7.burned alive
8.sick with disease

j.Ninth Circle- Traitors
i.1st and 2nd rounds
1.those who betrayed family or country
2.frozen in ice up to their necks
ii.3rd and 4th rounds
1.those who betray friends or masters
2.frozen under ice
iii.* frozen in cocytus
k.Dis/ Satan/ Lucifer
i.At the bottom of hell, suck in ice from mid breast up
ii.Three mouths, three sets of wings
1.parody of the holy trinity
iii.In his three mouths are Judas, Cassius, and Brutus
1.they are cut up by his teeth and clawed at by his claws
9.The End
a.The end of the inferno is when Dante exits it to acend the mountain of Purgatory and Reach paradise to meet god. 10.Other Important Information
a.In the beginning, Dante is lost and confused
b.He comes across 3 animals, each representing a different section of hell i.Leopard- incontinence
ii.Lion- Violence
iii.She-wolf- Fraud
c.Seven Deadly sins
i.Lust
ii.Pride
iii.Greed
iv.Gluttony
v....
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