Criminology: A Systematic Study of Criminals

Topics: Criminology, Sociology, Crime Pages: 5 (547 words) Published: December 3, 2012
Criminology

Criminology is the systematic study of criminals.

Criminals are people who commit crimes.

Criminologists are people who study criminology.

The study deals with:

▪ Study of crimes
▪ nature of crimes
▪ causes of crimes
▪ detection of crimes
▪ prevention of crimes

|Contents | | [hide] | |1 Definitions | |2 Causes of Crime | |3 Causation of Crime | |4 Sociological Theory of Crime | |5 Tentative Theory of Crime | |6 Crime and Economic Conditions | |7 Organized Crime | |8 White Collar Crime | |9 Cyber Crimes | |10 Sexual Offenders | |11 Alcoholism, Drug Addiction and Crime | |12 Related Topics | |13 Related Acts |

Definitions

▪ Criminology is the science of crime in all aspects.
▪ Edwin H Sutherland
▪ D R Cressey: Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. ▪ Elliot M A Merill
▪ D R Taft
▪ Webster Dictionary
▪ Jock Young formulated six dichotomies to understand criminal behavior: ▪ Individual's behavior: Free vs Determinism
▪ Functioning of social order: Consensus vs Coercion
▪ Definition of Crime: Legal vs Social
▪ Extent and Distribution of crime: Limited vs Extensive ▪ Causes of crime: Individual vs Social
▪ Policy towards criminals: Punishment vs Treatment

Causes of Crime

▪ Social causes of crime
▪ Economic causes of crime
▪ Physical and mental causes of crime
▪ Geographical causes of crime
▪ Political causes of crime

Causation of Crime

▪ Heredity and crime
▪ Mental Disorder and Criminality
▪ M' Naghten's Rule of Criminal Responsibility
▪ Insanity under Indian Criminal Law
▪ Bio-physical factors and criminality
▪ Intelligence Testing and criminality
▪ Personality aspects of criminals
▪ Hooton's View
▪ Sheldon's Views on Criminality
▪ Donald Taft
▪ Freud's theory of criminal behavior
▪ Glueck's Psychiatric Theory of Crime
▪ Psychological concept of crime
▪ Aristotle's Four Laws of Association
▪ Conflict Theory of Crime
▪ Female Criminality - Gender-based explanations
▪ Group Therapy

Sociological Theory of Crime

▪ Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior
▪ Theory of Differential Association
▪ Multiple Factor Approach to Crime Causation
▪ Mobility
▪ Culture Conflict
▪ Family Background
▪ Political Ideology
▪ Religion and Crime
▪ Economic conditions
▪ Ecology of crime
▪ Media influence
▪ Crime in urban and rural areas
▪ Neighborhood influences

Tentative Theory of Crime

Crime and Economic Conditions

Organized Crime

White Collar Crime

Cyber Crimes

Sexual Offenders

▪ Prostitution
▪ Seduction

Alcoholism, Drug Addiction and Crime

Related Topics

▪ Schools of Criminology
▪ History of Criminology
▪ White Collar Crimes
▪ Organized Crimes
▪ Juvenile delinquency
▪ Female Delinquency
▪ Victimless Crime - Crimes in which public order and decency are violated even though they do not cause any real injury to other persons. ▪ Four stages of committing a crime
▪ Suicide
▪ Penology - Study of punishment in relation to crime and the management of prisons

Related Acts

▪ Malaysian Criminal Procedure Code
▪ English Mental Deficiency Act, 1913 classified mentally depraved criminals...
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