Comics and Cartoons

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  • Topic: The Yellow Kid, Comic strip, Richard F. Outcault
  • Pages : 33 (9412 words )
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  • Published : January 18, 2013
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Comics and Cartoons
September 6th, 2012
Lecture 1

Introduction and Overview
Comics were used to help people who didn’t read English be able to read the newspapers The comics we are going to study all pretend to be one thing and we are going to look at the other things that they are. Comics communicate all sorts of ideas about communication and about the ideas of communicating effectively When reading these comics we have to think about what they say about what children want. This is because often children are the center of the comics, the story that they tell revolve around them Some contexts

Historical
Geography
Ethnic
Political
Sociological
Legal
Publishing
Literary
Aesthetic
Philosophical
Economic
Cultural
Regional
Some themes
City
Justice
Injustice
Femininity
Childhood
Danger
Mischief
Unconscious
Desire
Violence
Crime
Home
Prosperity
Safety
Masculinity
Compassion
Work
America
Some form
Iconography
Abstraction
Masking and identification
Closure
Gutters and panels
Continuity and transition
Line
Point of view
Symbol
Background
Lettering
Balloons and captions
Layout
Colour

Comics and Cartoons
Lecture 2 – The Yellow Kid
September 13th, 2012

Comics Scholarship and Genealogy
In the 19th century comics were at the low end of the art chain. They were not grouped with novels and opera, which were considered educational but were on the completely opposite end of the spectrum Critics often attack comics because

Violent and vulgar
Promote rebellion
Anti religious (coloured ones printed on Sunday)
Means of encouraging illiteracy
Merely a genre, not a medium
Too involved with advertising
Cheap
Strange hybrid of text and image
Incitement to juvenile delinquency
Appreciation of comics came with McCloud’s text Understanding Comics Our critical lenses
Context – the environment in which the text is enmeshed. Word comes from latin and means together or weaved. Political, economical, technological, artistic, philosophical, social… Theme – the statement(s), express or implied, that a text seems to be making about its subject Justice, desire, violence, art, war, crime, childhood, terror, work, nature, gender, race, class, the city… Form – the structure of the artifact. How it looks on the screen. What’s big? What’s small? Colour, text placement, foreground, background, borders, panel size, line style, ink saturation, point of view, transitions, font, layout, iconicity, sound… William Hogarth

Painter and printmaker in the 1700s
Created a sequence of paintings
He would set the paintings in a series and they would tell a story He called them a story in paints
Sir. John Soane Museum
Most of his stories follow the order of experiment, rise, fall, and punishment He reinforces protestant faith. Avoid doing this and you will be okay He does not show you people doing good things, but rather only the people doing wrong. There is a pleasure that is undeniable in his sequences Hogarth would hang these sequences in galleries, he wasn’t making as much money as he wanted to he decided to make engravings of them and put them together in a pamphlet. This created a sort of prototype of a comic book. The story was told in depth in a sequence side by side. Judging by the age of the child we go through years in 8 pictures Busch – The Flea

Bilderbogen – “pictorial broadsheets” (German)
Hogarth took years between his paintings, Busch had moment to moment timing. This happened and then this happened very soon after. Busch manifests a powerful skill displaying the body as a language Busch – Max und Moritz

Two little trouble makers
They always have a confrontation with authority and they are always punished in some way and order is restored The fun part is the destruction and the trouble that is conveyed, it is not often that the order being restored is the part that people remember.

R.F. Outcault’s Yellow Kid (Mickey Dugan)
Iconic figure
Uniform
Urban setting
Words and images...
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