Cognitive Psychology Study Guide Exam 1

Topics: Psychology, Brain, Nervous system Pages: 17 (4930 words) Published: March 19, 2013
Cognitive Psychology Study Guide
Exam 1
Chapter 1
1) History of cognitive psychology:
- 4 early psychologists influenced the study of cognitive psychology: 1) Wilhelm Wundt; 2) Edward Titchner; 3) Hermann von Ebbinghaus; 3) William James -Wilhelm Wundt: Book of “ Principles of physiological Psychology”. -He founded the first psychology journal (Philosophical Studies) -He was credit for starting the only true scientific revolution in psychology -He believed the proper topic of psychology was “ conscious processes and immediate experience” -In addition to use of response time measures, he devised the method of “Selbsbeobachtung” =” Self-Observation: which is listed as “INTROSPECTION” -Introspection: A method in which one looks carefully inward, reporting inner sensations and experiences. (He had rules for the use of introspection: `Observer had to be “master of the situation, in a state of “strained attention”. ` Observations were repeated many times ` Reports in which memory intruded Wundt’s term was mediate or mediated experience – were to be excluded

-Edward Titchner: He insisted on careful control and rigorous training to avoid” STIMILUS ERROR” of describing physical stimulus rather than mental experience. -He studies” STRUCTURALISM”: the structure of the conscious mind, the sensations, images, and feelings that were the very elements of the mind’s structure. ( Structuralism was the first major movement or school psychological thought.

-Hermann von Ebbenghaus: -He studied Forgetting and memory using thoroughly objective methods. – He was the 1st to invent reasonably scientific , enduring method to study memory and mental processes. - He used himself as subject for his own research.

-As a method to his studies he developed stimulus lists of “NON-SENSE SYLLABLES” ,”Consonant –vowel-consonant (CVC) – Which had NO- MEANING. -He would learn the lists – then at a later time he would re-learn them and note down how many trials it takes him to relearn the same lists. - His measure of learning was “ saving the scores” of trials that had been save d in memory between the 1st and the 2nd time. - Ebbinghaus examined forgetting as a function of time that intervened between the 2 learning sessions – and the effect of nonsense(lists) vs meaningful material (poetry).

- William James: -He was influenced by Darwin.
- FUNCTUONALISM: the functions of consciousness, rather than its structure. (He asked how does the mind function, how does it adapt ?) -He proposed that memory consists of 2 parts: 1) immediately available memory that we are aware of; 2) larger memory that is hidden or passive , repository for past experience. - He introduced a book in 1890 : “ Principles of psychology.

-Some changes in behaviorism smoothed the transition to cognitive psychology which lahey called” mediated neobehaviorism”. - John B. Watson: Early behaviorist who believed that any infant could be trained to become a type of specialist . he was such an extremist on nature vs nurture. - BEHAVIORISM: the scientific study of observable behavior. ( left no room for hidden mental processes, rejected introspection and focused on observable behaviors) He described as “ANTIMENTALIST” - Little Albert’ experiment.

- He developed the notion of implicit behavior. -BF Skinner: - Book” The behavior of organisms”:
-Operant condiotioning
-Classical conditioning
- He also was behaviorist – who argued that mental events such as thinking do not have a place in the science of psychology.

Behaviorism was rejected after its progression stopped and it was replaced with cognitive psychology...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Psychology Exam Essay
  • Essay on Study Guide for Exam 1
  • Exam 1 Study Guide Essay
  • Study guide exam 1 Essay
  • Exam 1 Study Guide Essay
  • Exam 1 study guide Essay
  • Exam 1 Study Guide Essay
  • Exam 1 study guide Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free