Chronology of Events in Pakistan from Historical Perspective

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  • Topic: Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif
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Pakistan-Table A - Chronology of Important Events
Pakistan Index

Period Description

ANCIENT EMPIRES

ca. 2500-1600 B.C. Indus Valley culture

ca. 1500-500 B.C. Migrations of Indo-Aryan-
speaking tribes; the Vedic
Age.

ca. 563-483 B.C. Life of Siddartha Gautama--the
Buddha; founding of Buddhism.

ca. 321-180 B.C. Mauryan Empire; reign of
Ashoka (r. ca. 274-236 B.C.);
spread of Buddhism.

ca. 180 B.C.-A.D. 150 Saka dynasties in Indus
Valley.

ca. A.D. 78-ca. 200 Kushan Empire; Gandharan art
flourishes.

ca. A.D. 319-ca. 600 Gupta Empire; classical age in
northern India.

COMING OF ISLAM

711 Muhammad bin Qasim, an Arab
general, conquers Sindh and
incorporates it into Umayyad
Caliphate.

1001-1030 Mahmud of Ghazni raids Indian
subcontinent from Afghanistan.

1192 Muhammad of Ghor defeats
Rajputs.

1206-1526 Delhi Sultanate.

1398 Timur destroys Delhi.

THE MUGHAL PERIOD

1526 Babur defeats last Lodhi
sultan in first Battle of
Panipat, thus laying
foundation of Mughal Empire.

1556 Akbar victorious in second
Battle of Panipat.

1556-1605 Reign of Akbar.

1605-27 Reign of Jahangir; in 1612
East India Company opens first
trading post (factory).

1628-58 Reign of Shah Jahan, builder
of Taj Mahal.

1658-1707 Reign of Aurangzeb, last great
Mughal ruler.

1707-1858 Lesser emperors; decline of
Mughal Empire.

BRITISH PERIOD

1757 Battle of Plassey and British
victory over Mughal forces in...
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