* Thirteen original colonies is misleading because Britain ruled thirty-two colonies in North America by 1775
* Included Canada, the Floridas, and various Caribbean islands
* Only thirteen unfurled the standard of rebellion
* A few of the nonrebels (Canada, Jamaica, etc) were larger, wealthier, or more populous than some of the revolting thirteen
* Some British colonies had strike for their independence while others did not/; due to the distinctive social, economic, and political structures of the thirteen Atlantic seaboard colonies and also in the halting gradual appearance in the American way of life
Conquest by the Cradle
* Among distinguishing characteristics of rebellious settlements: lusty population growth
* Colonists doubled their numbers every 25 years Europeans
* Dr. Samuel Johnson “Multiplying like rattlesnakes”
* Also were youthful average age was 16
* In 1775, the most populous colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland.
* Only four communities could be called cities: first Philadelphia (including suburbs), New York, Boston, Charleston
* 90% of the people lived in rural areas
A Mingling of the Races
* Colonial America had been a melting pot since the outset: population was English in stock and language, but mottled with numerous foreign groups
* 1775: about 6% of total population
* Fleeing religious persecution, economic oppression, and ravages of war
* Mostly settled in Pennsylvania in the early 1700s
* Added to religious diversity: belonged to different Protestant sects, primarily Lutheran
* Erroneously known as the Pennsylvania Dutch and made up 1/3 of colony’s population
* Moved into Penn’s backcountry
* Their splendid stone barns give evidence of industry and prosperity
* Clung to their German culture and language
* 7% of population in 1775... [continues]
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