1.) China ‘shang’
Worlds largest classical empire
heritage, every feature is balanced by an opposite yin,yang
2.) Patterns in Classical China
dynasty: a family of kings
ruled china, strong political institutions, active economy
- one dynasty would decline,another one would emerge
3 dynastic cycles
Zhou- ended by a decline in political infrastructure, extended a territory of china by taking over the yangtze river valley. became knows as the middle kingdom
middle kingdom- agriculture lands: wheat growing in the north & rice grown in the south. the diversity encouraged population growth. -the expansion mad communication & transport to the capital difficult. -zhou provided a greater cultural unity in their empire.
-spoken language was mandarin chinese
-largest group of people speaking the same language
Confucius- wrote a statement on political ethics
Quin Shi Huangdi- deposes the zhou emperor, made him self ruler of china (1st Emperor) - was a brutal ruler
Qin- (221-202 B.C.E.)
emperor Shi Huangdi.
built the Great Wall, put together a census, standardized weights measures, extended his teriorty to Hong Kong and northern Vietnam
when he died massive revolts took place.
Han dynasty (202 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
The Han rulers “Wu Ti”
expanded Chinese territory,formal training, based on Confucian philosophy,
created political and cultural values that lasted into the twentieth century.
bureaucrats were trained to do annual mandatory labor services, the central government had control over all the people in the Middle Kingdom
became invaded and collapsed
Religion and Culture
2 major systems, Confucianism and Daoism
Kung Fuz (confucianism): not a religious leader was a defender of Chinese tradition-Both rulers and the ruled should act with respect, humility, and self-control.