Biological Crossover

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As stated in our reading, “Europeans were the original ones to introduce the Columbian exchange and the collision of humanities that took place in the New World. The results of contact were generally bad: the tale is mostly one of hunger, disease, and death.” [Work Cited. #1] Disease affected everyone, and unfortunately the results were not pretty.

The Columbian Exchange was a crossover of agriculture, animals, and diseases that came from one society to the next. The more the Spanish people came to the New World the more destructive illnesses were brought with them (the most vicious was small pox).

In the 1440s Portugal bartered with the West African King for goods. Instead of goods they bartered for West Africans. They turned the Africans into Slaves. Then again in 1619 several Africans were moved from Portugal to the New World’s Jamestown as workers because the Native Americans objected to what they wanted done. This is another example of Columbian Exchange because they brought diseases with them. However the African Slaves proved to have a higher resistance to the European diseases then many of the colonists; because of this consistent trade was soon established. [Work Cited. #2]

Disease did not only come from the crossover of civilizations. In fact even though 95% of Native Americans died from diseases brought across from the Spanish, they still lead to the introduction of syphilis to the Europeans.

Between the years of 1609-1610 there was a particular struggle and hardship for a new group of English settlers as disease hit them as well. It didn’t help there was a lack of food, poor management, and hostile relations with the Indians. They called these years the Starving times because of food scarcity. As few as 60 settlers survived these first years.
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