As you read this week’s textbook reading assignments, take notes in response to these questions and statements. This study guide will help you to prepare for your quiz.
Fee and Stuart: Pages 55 – 70
1. True or False: The epistles are generally pretty easy to interpret according to the text. • False
2. What is the difference between ‘real letters’ and epistles according to Diessmann? • Real letters were non-literary-not written for the public and for posterity. They were intended only for the person or person to whom they were addressed.
• An epistle was an artistic literary form specified as literature and intended for the public.
3. What is an occasional document? Why are they sometimes difficult to interpret? • An occasional document arose out of certain situations and were intended for specific events.
4. True or False: The epistle were written primarily to expound theology. • True
5. What do the writers mean by THINK PARAGRAPHS?
• The author means to explain the point of each paragraph as a whole. Then, state the content of each paragraph. Paul says this in the argument, “Ask over and over again ‘What’s the point?’”
6. Know the authors’ recommendations for dealing with the problem passages found in the epistles. • They were not written directly to us.
• What can be said for certain
• Very often the meaning is within our grasp based on “proof from experience” • Consult a good commentary which lists reasons for and against • Even scholars don’t have all the answers.
1. What is the great flaw of common hermeneutics the authors mention? Know the examples of the flaw. • The greatest flaw of common hermeneutics is the fact that we lack consistency. • An example of this flaw would be “Bringing Paul’s cloak”.
2. Know “The Basic Rule” and “The Second Rule”.
• The “Basic Rule” is that a text cannot mean what it never could have meant to its author or his/her readers. • The “Second Rule” is that whenever we share comparable particulars (i.e., similar specific life situations) with the first-century hears, God’s word to us is the same as his Word to them.
3. What is “The Problem of Extended Application”?
• The “Problem of Extended Application” is when there are comparable particulars and comparable contexts in today’s church, is it legitimate to extend the application of the text to other contexts, or to make a text apply to a context totally foreign to its first-century setting.
4. Understand the comment about Romans 14.
• People are neither to judge nor discourage on another on issues of conscience that are not inherently moral matters.
5. Understand the comments about the central core of the Bible and what is dependent on it and peripheral to it. • The fallenness of all humanity, redemption from that fallenness as God’s gracious activity through Christ’s death and resurrection, the consummation of that redemptive work by the return of Christ, etc., are clearly part of this central core. However, the holy kiss, women’s head coverings, and charismatic ministries and gifts would seem to be less so.
6. Know the “Problem of Task Theology”.
• Because of the epistles’ occasional nature, we must be content at times with some limitations to our theological understand. • Sometimes, our theological problems with epistles derive from the fact that we are asking our questions of texts that by their occasional nature are answering their questions only.
Harbin: Chapter 23
1. Why were there apparently no synagogues in Philippi, and what did Paul do as a result? • Philippi tended to follow carefully the leading of Rome. It is possible that the Jews had been cast out of Philippi. Consequently, when Paul and Silas arrived in the fall of 50, they did not find a...