As History – Unit 1

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AS History – Unit 1

A World Divided:
Communism and Democracy in the 20th Century

Revision Guide

Edition 5: January 2010

Contents Page:

Content:| Page:|
How to use this book| 3|
How to answer the questions| 4|
Writing Frames| 5|
How your essays will be marked| 11|
Previous Exam Questions and predicted questions| 12|
Unit 1: Signs of change by 1955| 14|
Unit 2: Martin Luther King and Peaceful Protest| 23|
Unit 3: Black Power and the use of Violence| 31|
Unit 4: Protest Culture: The Sixties and a Generation| 41| Unit 1: The Korean War| 48|
Unit 2: Origins of America’s involvement in Vietnam| 57| Unit 3: Escalation of America’s involvement in Vietnam| 61| Unit 4: Withdrawal of US forces from Vietnam| 66|

How to use this book:

This book provides:

* Instructions on how to answer the questions
* Practise Exam Questions
* A summary of the necessary evidence

This book does not:

* Explain how the evidence proves your points and explain how your point answers the question. This is for you to work out! * Evaluate the evidence. Once again this is for you to work out!

How to answer the questions:

Your introduction should:

1. INTERPRET the question
2. EXPLAIN your line of argument (Most important cause/biggest area of change etc). 3. Refer to all the factors that you will discuss

Each paragraph should:

1. Make a POINT. This must use a factor to answer the question with a judgement 2. Provide EVIDENCE. This should be detailed and precise. It must be selected to prove your point 3. EXPLAIN. Explain how your point answers the question and how your evidence proves your point 4. EVALUATE. Consider the contradictory evidence to your point and argue against it.

Your conclusion should:

1. SUMMARISE your line of argument
2. EXPLAIN how this argument has been proven

Writing Frames

Why?
(Analysis and judgement of causation)

Introduction:
* The question concerns the causes of .....
* The most important cause of ..... is .....
* This is because .....
* Other important causes are .....
* This is because .....
* Least important causes are .....
* This is because .....
Paragraphs:
* The most/least/another important cause of..... is.....
* The evidence for this is .....
* ... caused ... because ...
* This evidence clearly shows that ..... is the most/least/another important cause of ..... because ..... * It could be argued that..... is not the most/least/another important cause of ..... because .....However this is not the case because ..... * Thus ..... is the most/least/another important cause because ..... Conclusion:

* The most important cause of ..... is .....
* This is because .....
* Other important causes are .....
* This is because .....
* Least important causes are .....

How far/ To what extent was ______ caused by ______?
(Analysis and judgement of causation)

Introduction:
* The question concerns whether the main cause of .... was .... * This is accurate to a large/small extent because ....
* The most important cause of ..... is .....
* This is because .....
* Other important causes are .....
* This is because .....
* Least important causes are .....
* This is because .....
Paragraph 1:
* .... was caused by .... to a large/small extent
* The evidence that proves this is....
* ....caused.... because
* ....caused.... to a large/small extent because....
* It could be argued that....actually caused.... to a large/small extent because....However this is not the case because.... * Thus.... caused.... to a large/small degree because....

Other paragraphs:
* The most/least/another important cause of..... is.....showing that.... caused.... to a large/small extent * The evidence for this is .....
* ... caused ... because ...
* This evidence...
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