Ap Us History Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4 Terms and Essays Summer Homework

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Chapter One
Colombian Exchange: Very similar to Triangular Trade, the Colombian Exchange was a trade route facilitated for a majority by Europeans that traded Food, animals, ideas, weapons, plants, slaves, and among other things, diseases.

Nation-States: A nation or state unified by one common entity or idea, most commonly a government but also apart from politics, race, language, ancestry or culture.

Protestant Reformation: The break in religion between Europe and England as prompted by Henry the VIII created The Church of England (Similar to the Episcopal Church). This delayed England’s movement into America and the New World but also ignited interest when it happened. The teachings of protestant theologians such as Martin Luther and John Calvin permanently ruined Europe’s religious unity.

Amerigo Vespucci: An Italian Explorer that discovered that the new world was in fact not Asia but an entirely different landmass under contract from Portugal. The name America is generally accredited to Amerigo Vespucci.

Treaty of Tordesillas: A line drawn north to south 270 leagues west of Azones, which divided the world into ownership between Portugal and Spain. Each new land found west of this line belonged to Spain and each new piece of land found east to Portugal. However; this treaty did not stop other European entities from stopping their own exploration to the new world.

Asiento System: Shortly after the Spanish government unified Spain, the Asiento system was implemented in order to keep better control of the new colony. It allowed other countries to sell human slaves to the Spanish colonies.

Chapter Two

Joint Stock Company: Business in which many people were able to invest in order to assist in England’s colonization of the new world. Joint-Stock ventures became very popular, as they were thought to have no risk of going bankrupt.

Jamestown: “…America’s most unsuccessful village[s], Jamestown.” A settlement endorsed by the Virginia Company that initially failed because of bad placement and not enough structured development.

John Smith: Credited to saving Jamestown although has a large reputation for boasting. Mapped Chesapeake Bay, traded with Indians for food and seized control of council in 1608. Instituted tough militant government in Jamestown which no one liked but worked.

John Rolfe: Saved the settlers of Jamestown and the Virginia Company by realizing the profits that could be made from tobacco. Also married to Pocahontas.

Pocahantas: Married to John Rolfe, native of the New World.

Royal Colony: A government put in place by ruling country. In Virginia a governor and council were put into place.

Puritans: Protestant Christians with strict values and beliefs.

Plymouth: Colony established in New World by people seeking religious freedom.

Separatists: Puritans who moved to the new world because they believed they were different and that the current society was corrupted.

Mayflower Compact: Laws and regulations established by separatists in the new world. Drawn up before reaching New World on Mayflower.

Great Migration: Migration of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay.

House of Burgesses: An elective representative assembly was implemented to make colony more attractive to wealthy spectators. Created by Sir Edwin Sandys of the Virginia Company, who also ousted Thomas Smith.

Encomienda System: A labor system implemented by England to allow conquistadores land and control over native labor to assist in growing an economy.

Couriers de Bois: Settlers from France in Canadian colonies.

Chapter Three
Chesapeake: Location of settlement in Virginia.

New England: Current day North East US- consists of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont.

Bacon’s Rebellion: Uprising in Virginia against Nathaniel Bacon in 1676 because of treatment of natives by William Berkley.

Headright system: Began in Jamestown in 1618 during...
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