Ap Human Geography Chapter 2 Study Guide

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AP Human Geography
Chapter 2 Study Guide

·population density - a measurement of the number of people per given unit of land ·arithmetic population density - the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area ·physiologic population density - the number of people per unit area of arable land ·population distribution - description of locations on the Earth's surface where populations live ·dot maps - maps where one dot represents a certain number of a phenomenon, such as population ·megalopolis - term used to designate large coalescing supercities that are forming in diverse parts of the world ·census - a periodic and official count of a country's population ·doubling time - time required for a population do double

·population explosion - rapid growth of worlds human population during the last century ·natural increase - population growth measured as excess of live births over live deaths ·crude birth rate (CBR) - number of live births yearly per thousand people ·crude death rate (CDR) - number of live deaths yearly per thousand people ·demographic transition - multi stage model of changes in population growth in countries undergoing industrialization ·stationary population level (SPL) - level at which national population ceases to grow ·population composition - structure of a population in terms of age, sex, and other properties ·population pyramids - visual representation of age and sex composition of a population ·infant mortality rate (IMR) - describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives ·child mortality rate (CMR) - number of children that die between the first and fifth year of their lives ·life expectancy - how long, on average, a person may be expected to live ·AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

·chronic diseases - long lasting afflictions now more common because of higher life expectancies ·expansive population policies - government policies that encourage...
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