Antigone

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Presentation Notes

Traditional Greek plays
* Tragedy
* Dramatic composition dealing with somber themes, typically of a great person destined through flaw of character or conflict with some overpowering force or society, to downfall or destruction * All violence to occur off stage and messenger tell you of what has occurred * Process of a tragic hero

* A tragic hero is a man of Nobel stature. He is not an ordinary man, but a man with outstanding quality and greatness about him. His own destruction is for a greater cause of principle * Downfall due to pride-Hubris

* Faced with doom from the beginning
* Discovers his fate from his actions
* Usually a leader of men-ex: King
* Their fate affects the nation or a large number of people * Their suffering is not senseless
* Most tragic hero’s are men, with a could examples of Antigone and Cleopatra * Athenian Tragedy
* Oldest tragedy existing
* Emerged during 6th century BC
* Reached its peak as dramatic form in the 5th century * When &Where
* Open air theatres
* Could usually hold up 14,000 people
* Backdrops
* Tragedies took place in late March/early April
* Great Dionysian festival-in Athens
* SHAKESPERE WAS THE FIRST ONE TO BRING US DEATH ON STAGE

Sophocles and Greek Drama
* Setting of Antigone
* Persian wars
* Thebes 441 BC
* Time of national fever
* Folly of tyranny criticized
* Importance of Greek Myths
* Sophocles
* Son of a reputable and wealthy citizen
* Introduced to great literature and plays of the age
* Was taught music, art and poetry
* Dramatic career started when he defeated the famous Aeschylus in a contest * Sophocles was chosen as the winner after the youth and freshness in his verses impressed and gained him a lot of popularity * Introduced the third actor on stage which limited the role of the chorus * Theban plays: concerning Thebes during and after the reign of Oedipus * Features of Greek Drama

* Purpose: of ethical and moral improvement and spiritual survival of the community * Mechanics
* Took place in one day
* Deaths take place behind a screen
* Chorus
* Emotional bridge between actors and the audience
* Sets the mood in the play
* Subject
* Well know myths
* Concept of Tragic Hero
* Must be a man or women capable of great suffering * Believe in freedom to make choices
* Extreme pride-hubris
* Thematic of Antigone
* Tension between individual action and fate
* Man made law vs. Natural law
* Gender roles
* Strength – ask for strength to not be a little girl so she can achieve greatness * Honor
* Integrity vs. Hypocrisy
* A society that is unable to tolerate purity and beauty

France under German occupation
* German occupation
* Started 22 June 1940-August 1944
* French Invasion
* Race (had to remain pure)-discrimination
* Expansion – power
* June 1939 – Germany troops cross French border and advance towards Paris * Armistice is signed
* Paris is liberated by free French forces (militia) forces in august in 1944 with the help of allied powers from the south * Effect on lives of the French citizens
* Forced evacuation for German war tactics
* Conflict between Germany and Britain
* Constant fear of being bombed
* Rations for food, distributed by coupons
* Daily food intake: 1200 calories allowed per day
* Coffee substituted by chicory
* Milk, meat and salt became rare delicacies
* Aggression of German soldiers
* Arrest without apparent reason
* Eviction to unknown destinations
* Unexplained...
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