Animal Farm : Notes
* Mr. Jones the owner of the farm stumbles to bed drunk after forgetting to secure his farm buildings properly. * All animals meet in the barn to hear old Major’s speech( the prize boar of the farm) * Old major preaches what he has learned throughout his life. He talks about how his fellow animals have miserable lives. He blames their suffering on the humans. * Old major tells the animals of a dream he had. He dreamt of a world in which animals lives without the leadership of men: they are free, happy, well fed, and treated with dignity. * He tells the animals to one day make this dream a reality. The precept that will alow animals to determine who their comrades are: creatures that walks on two legs are enemies, those with four legs or with wings are allies. Once humans are defeated, animals must never adopt any of their habits: they must not live in a house, sleep in a bed, wear clothes, drink alcohol, smoke tobacco, touch money, engage in trade, of tyrannize another animal. * Old major teaches the animals “beast of England”
* Three night later old major dies in his sleep, and for three months the animal secretly devise plans to carry out the old pig’s dying wish. The organizing falls to the pigs, the cleverest of the animals. * They formulate the principles of a philosophy called Animalism * Mr. Jones goes on a drinking binge and forgets to feed the animals. The animals decide that they cannot bear it no longer and turn on the men, attack them, and easily chase them from the farm. * The animals hurry to destroy the last remaining evidence of their subservience: chains, bits, halters, whips, and other implements stored in the farm buildings. Animals sing “beasts of England” seven times to celebrate their victory.The group agrees to preserve the farmhouse as a museum. * Change sign of farm from manor far to Animal farm, paint the seven commandments of the side of the barn. The animals go to gather the harvest. Chapter 3
* The animals work very hard. The clever pigs think of ways for the animals to use the humans’ tools, and every animal participates in the work, each according to his capacity. The resulting harvest exceeds any that the farm has ever known The powerful and hard-working Boxer does most of the heavy labour, adopting “I will work harder!” as a personal motto. * Every Sunday, the animals hold a flag-raising ceremony. The flag’s green background represents the fields of England, and its white hoof and horn symbolize the animals.
* Snowball establishes a number of committees with various goals, like teachig all of the farm animals how to read and write meet with some success. Pigs become fluent in reading and writing, while some of the dogs are able to learn to read the Seven Commandments. Snowball simplifies the principles to one essential maxim, which he says contains the heart of Animalism: “Four legs good, two legs bad.” * Napolean takes the puppies into his own care, saying that the training of the young should take priority over adult education. Chapter 4
* News of Animal Farm has spread across half the county. Neighbouring farms fear that disenchantment will spread among their own animals. They spread rumours about the farm’s inefficiency and moral reprehensibility. Animals everywhere begin singing “Beasts of England,” which they have learned from flocks of pigeons sent by Snowball * Early October, a flight of pigeons alerts Animal Farm that Mr. Jones has begun marching on the farm with some men. The animals prepare for their first battle under Snowball supervision. Boxer fights courageously, as does Snowball, and the humans suffer a quick defeat. The animals’ losses amount only to a single sheep, whom they give a hero’s burial. * Boxer believes that he has unintentionally killed a stable boy in the chaos. * Snowball and Boxer each receive medals with the inscription “Animal Hero, First...
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