Age of Imperialism

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Imperialism (1850~1914)
* Imperial refers to
* Empire
* Royalty
* Extending powers
* Age of Imperialism (http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1) * Main Events
* 1823 - Monroe Doctrine reflected special U.S. interest in Americas * 1850 - European trading with Africa becomes well established * 1852 - Napoleon III (Louis Napoleon) proclaimed himself emperor of France * 1869 - Suez Canal opens (Egypt)

* 1871 - Bismark completed unification of German Empire * 1884~1885 - Berlin Congress sets rules for African colonization * 1898 
* United States acquired Philippines, annexed Hawaii * United States won Spanish-American War
* 1899 Boer War began in South Africa
* 1910 - Mexican Revolution began
* 1914 
* Most of Africa is under European control
* World War I began
* 1918 World War I ended
Industrialism Imperialism Nationalism

Industrialism
* Profit maximization
* England - Factory system
* Resources from colonies
* Mass production goods = sell & export to the colonies * Profit maximization
* Industrialization stirred ambitions in many European countries * Competed new markets for own goods
* Saw Africa as a source for materials and a market
* Colonial power seized lots of areas in Africa during the 19th and 20th centuries * Imperialism
* Colonization
* World market
* England as the world power in the 1820s.
* Power - World standing
* "the sun never sets on the England Empire"
* Usually through military might and sometimes economics * Seizure of a territory by a stronger country
*
* Throughout out most Africa, stronger countries dominated in many areas *
* Europeans ignored the claims of African ethnic groups, kingdoms, and city-states *
* African nations continue to fell the effects of the colonial presence more than 100 years later * Europeans established colonies.
* 1823 Monroe Doctrine
* A reaction to the independence Latin America+ Mexico+Central America   *
* After 1823, only Bolivia is still under spanish control * It warned European nations that continuing to be in the Americas is going to be seen as an act of aggression   * Claimed to help the Latin Americas, but it actually restrained and threatened them to follow rules from the United States * The United States had the right to intervene problems in the western hemisphere * White Man's Burden

* Nationalism and social Darwinism 
* Racist patronizing that preached that "superior" Westerners had an obligation to bring their culture to "uncivilized" people in other pars of the world  * Germany and Russia especially used imperialistic drives to divert popular attention from the class struggle at home and to create a false sense of national unity. Causes of Imperialism

* Nationalism
* British colonized Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland * Colonists wanted their freedom (1800s)
* To gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade * European Migration
* Between 1815 and 1932 more than 60 million people left Europe * Migrants went primarily to European inhabited areas * North and South America
* Australia
* New Zealand
* Siberia
* European migration provided further impetus for Western expansion (Westernization) * More were poor from rural areas, though seldom from the poorest classes (due to oppressive land policies) * Economic Competition

* Search for new markets and raw materials
* Missionary works
* more successful in African and Asian areas
* Europeans believe they must spread...
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