Administrative Law - State Administration

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TEMA 8. NATIONAL STATE ADMINISTRATION.

1.- GENERAL CONCEPTS.

State Administration is regulated in the Law 6/1997, april 14th, de Organización y Funcionamiento de la Administración General del Estado (LOFAGE). In addition, as government is a branch of State Administration, the Law 50/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Gobierno, must be considered as a relevant part of its legal regime. The upper bodies in the hierarchy scheme are:

-Órganos superiores: Presidente y Consejo de Ministros, también Comisiones delegadas del Gobierno.

At a lower level we have:

-Órganos directivos
a. Los Ministros.
b. Los Secretarios de Estado.
c. Órganos directivos:
d. Los Subsecretarios y Secretarios generales. (Delegados del Gobierno, rango de Subsecretario) e. Los Secretarios generales técnicos y Directores generales. f. Los Subdirectores generales (Sub-Delegados del Gobierno) At this level authorities are not qualified as “Altos Cargos”. Embajadores and Representantes permanentes before organizaciones internacionales.

-Unidades organizativas: SERVICIOS, SECCIONES, NEGOCIADOS (this is the correct hierarchical scheme). -Unidades administrativas: are the basic organizational units that integrate the organizational structures. It includes single job positions and public workers operating together according to their functions and duties, and sharing a common leader (such administrative units are complex, gathering two or more public workers to comply with certain functions). Heads of the different administrative units are responsible for the correct operation of the unit members. They are responsible of the accurate execution of assigned functions as well. The administrative units are defined in the RPTs, which are approved according to specific regulations. All of them will be part of a single administrative body.

2.- BODIES.

The administrative structure of the State is based on two main areas. Firstly, numerous administrative bodies are located in the State Capital, Madrid, with jurisdiction over the whole country. They are the so called: central bodies. Secondly, central administration approaches the citizen creating peripheral branches at the capitals of the different regions as well as at the capitals of the provinces. Peripheral administration is sort of administrative decentralization, although it does not imply the creation of new legal personalities. On the contrary, neither the central bodies nor the peripheral bodies enjoy legal personality, since it belongs to the General State Administration itself.

CENTRAL BODIES (Órganos centrales):

-The GOVERNMENT (Gobierno)

-PRESIDENT/PRIME MINISTER (Presidente)

-VICE-PRESIDENTE (Vicepresidente)

-BOARD OF MINISTERS (Consejo de Ministros).

-DELEGATED COMMISION (Comisiones delegadas).

-GENERAL COMMISION OF SECRETARIES OF STATE AND SUBSECRETARIES (Comisión general de Secretarios de Estado y Subsecretarios).

-SUPORTING BODIES (Organos de apoyo).

-GOVERNMENTAL SECRETARIAT (Secretariado del Gobierno).

-CABINET (Gabinete).

-MINISTERIAL ORGANIZATION.

-MINISTER

-SECRETARY OF STATE.

-SUBSECRETARY

-SUBSECRETARIES

-GENERAL TECHNICAL SECRETARY (Secretario General Técnico).

-HEADS OF COMMON SERVICES (LEGAL ADVISORY SERVICES, FINANCIAL SERVICES, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, INFORMATION DEPARTMENT, ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT, ETC).

-SECRETARY-GENERAL.

-DIRECTOR-GENERAL

-SUBDIRECTOR-GENERAL.

PERIPHERICAL BODIES

-DELEGATES OF THE GOVERNMENT/GOVERNMENT´S REPRESENTATIVE (Delegado del Gobierno).

-ISLAND DIRECTOR (Director Insular).

-SUBDELEGATES OF THE GOVERNMENT (Subdelegado del Gobierno).

-SERVICES...
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