Accounting

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Chapter 4 : Account Titles and Preparation of Financial Statements| Article 14 : The balance sheet items shallbe categorized as follows: 1. Assets. (1) Current assets. (2) Funds and long-term investments. (3) Property, plant and equipment. (4) Depletable assets. (5) Intangible assets. (6) Other assets. 2. Liabilities.Article 15 : Current assets mean unrestricted cash and cash equivalent, short-term investments, and other assets that are convertible to cash or expended within one year. Categorization and evaluation of current asset titles along with required explanatory notes are as follows: 1. Cash and Cash equivalent: cash on hand, deposits with banks, cash for revolving use, petty cash, and short-term and highly liquid investment that can be converted into a fixed amount of cash with interest fluctuation having small impact thereon, excluding those already set aside for use or restricted by law or contract; the account nature and required notes are as follows: (1) Non-demand-deposits with maturity over a year shall be specified. (2) Time deposits (including negotiable certificates of deposit) shall be reclassified as other assets if provided as lien for a long-term liability or as other current liabilities if provided as lien for a current liability, and shall be specified in the notes for the fact of collateralization. Refundable deposit shallbe classified as a current or other asset by the long- or short-term nature, and shall be specified in the notes. (3) Compensating balances shall be classified as current assets if arising from short-term loans, or reclassified as other assets or long-term investments if arising from long-term liabilities. 2. Short-term investment: defined as investment that is short-term; the nature of titles and evaluation thereof and the required explanatory notes are as follows: (1) Financial asset with change in fair value being recorded as gains or losses and financial asset available for sale shall be valued using the fair value on the balance sheet date; the fair value of listed or OTC stock and depository receipts indicate the closing price on the balance sheet date. (2) Financial assets which need to be sold within a short period of time, thus changing in fair value and incurring a gain or loss, must be reflected in the financial assets records or when determining how to measure the gains or losses, you decided on using fair value to reflect these changes in fair value, these figures must also be reflected in your financial asset records. (3) Financial asset available for sale shall mean the...
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