According to Aristotle

Topics: Aristotle, Materialism, Ontology Pages: 2 (478 words) Published: April 29, 2013
According to Aristotle, Form
* Is that which disciplines, directs and constrains matter. * You are a bit of matter come to existence with various forms that are within. If the form of being triangle makes it possible to have a certain degree, then your form should be giving you that kind of necessity. Forms bring you into reality. When form brings discipline, structure, through time in the universe does it do through discipline. Determinism is whatever is going on is the only way things are going on. Form in a plurised universe . * Is that which makes matter become what is real

* Is definable and intelligible
* Exists substances

Material v Immaterial Substance
* Aristotle is reductionist, what Aristotle is tring to do is looking forward to us and say wel look I really my self odont know what the universe works. But whatever the universe works it will always be reduced to matter and form. * There is a lot of forms

* Some substance can change while retaining tier identity (MATERIAL) * They contain matter and form (all sensible substances) * Some substances cannot change (IMMATERIAL)
* They do not contain matter (celestial objects, God the unmoved mover) * Since they do not contain matter, they are “sui generis” (one per kind/species/category)

Identity and Essence
* Substances with matter can change, substances without matter cannot change. Example of Atistotle: Socrates is a substance with matter and form, its taken for granted that Socrates is a certain type of substance, in a category, genes, species, and it is obvious that Socrates is a rational animal. What is a rational animal, animals are physical things. * Distinction between what is and what can be. Socrates can be handsome even if hes not handsome, but he cannot be a sugarcookie. It is essential for Socrates to be a rational creature to be who he is. * If you want to be a substance your first must get into a category (species genie)...
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