Absolute Monarchy Triumphs in France & Parliament Gain Power in England

Topics: Charles I of England, Louis XIV of France, Charles II of England Pages: 3 (970 words) Published: February 22, 2013
Absolute Monarchy Triumphs in France
* Long Reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715)

Cardinal Jules Mazarin- student of Cardinal Richelieu and the chief minister of Anne of Austria; stooped rebellions of peasants and city-dwellers to strengthen the authority of the monarchy. Anne of Austria- mother of Louis XIV, ruled for him because he was 5 years old then. Divine Right- the power of a king came from God and no subject will dare to question it. * It is God who establishes kings… Princes thus act as ministers of God and [are] His lieutenants on earth. It is through them that He rules… That is why… the royal throne is not the throne of a man but the throne of God Himself…. It appears from this that the person of kings is sacred, and to move against them is sacrilege… ( Bishop Jacques Benigne Boussuet)

“L’etat, c’est moi”- The sate- it is I- King Louis XIV of France
“Sun King”- Louis XIV wanted to call himself as ‘sun king’ comparing himself to the Greek god Apollo, which gives life to all things and god of peace and arts.
Versailles- in 1682, the Royal Court moved to Versailles palace, it took more than 2o years to build it. It is the symbol of the absolute monarchy in France.
Jean Baptiste Colbert- finance minister of Louis XIV, a strong advocate of mercantilism policy in France; established French colonies to compete with the leading trading countries; invited foreign artisans to teach French workers.

Huguenots- French Protestants who were persecuted by Louis XIV because of non-tolerance of religions. Edict of Nantes- granted the Huguenots a large measure of religious freedom, equal treatment under the law, and equal opportunity to hold positions in the government; signed by Henry IV but repealed by Louis XIV. War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713)- the most destructive war when Louis XIV’s policies threaten the balance of powers in Europe; often called as the First World War because most of the leading countries in Europe were involved....
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Absolutism in France versus Constitutional Monarchy in England. The political, economic, religous and social effects on England...
  • absolute power Essay
  • England and France Essay
  • Power Loss and Power Gain Essay
  • The View of Absolute Monarchies Essay
  • Political Changes of 17th Century England and France
  • Absolute and Relative Gain Essay
  • Absolute Power Corrupts. Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free