"Utilitarianism" Essays and Research Papers

61 - 70 of 500

Utilitarianism Aspects Of Theory

Utilitarianism: Bentham – Hedonic Calculus Bentham was a hedonist – he believed that pleasure is good in itself, and other things are good in so far as they bring about pleasure and the absence of pain. “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.” You could work out which action to perform by calculating which option brought about the greatest amount of pleasure: Duration – how long does the pleasure last? Remoteness – how distant is the pleasure?...

Premium Jeremy Bentham, Human rights, Peter Singer 916  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

a) What are the key concepts of utilitarianism?

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) developed his ethical system of utilitarianism around the idea of pleasure. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) later furthered and many believe he improved Bentham’s theory (Mill is often linked to Rule Utilitarianism) but still followed many of his original ideas. The theory is based on ancient hedonism, which pursued physical pleasure and avoided physical pain. Hedonism saw human beings as “Under the governance of two sovereign masters of pain and pleasure.” So a key concept...

Free Jeremy Bentham, Pleasure, James Mill 636  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Utilitarianism and Greatest Number

Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the belief of ‘the greatest good for the happiest and greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong’. Utilitarianism can be characterized as a quantitative and reductionist approach to ethics. It is a type of naturalism. It can be contrasted with deontological ethics, which does not regard the consequences of an act as a determinant of its moral worth; virtue ethics, which primarily focuses on acts and habits leading to happiness; pragmatic ethics; as...

Free Peter Singer, John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham 703  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism

based on John Stuart Mill's 'Utilitarianism' ethical theory, and Immanuel Kant's 'Categorical Imperative' ethical theory. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in the reasoning that led to their particular positions. According to Utilitarianism, ethics is primarily an empirical...

Premium Utilitarianism, Philosophy, Immanuel Kant 1611  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

‘Utilitarianism Is Unsatisfactory as a Theory of Ethics

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory coined by an English philosopher who lived during the late 1700’s name Jeremy Bentham. Bentham believed in the principle that human beings should be motivated by pain and pleasure; he said “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure” this meant that every human being’s goal in life should be to pursue pleasure and avoid pain and that these should be defining factors of what is moral. Utilitarianism is strongly based...

Premium John Stuart Mill, Hedonism, Morality 581  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Utilitarianism: Founding Fathers

created the utilitarianism school of thought, which is an incredibly useful ethical position. It can be most effectively defined by Wikipedia, "Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall utility." Utilitarianism has many benefits, but those benefits are harmonized with some major flaws. I will discuss the founding fathers of utilitarianism, the strengths and weaknesses of act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism, other forms...

Premium Cognition, Decision making, Jeremy Bentham 1521  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

Mill S Utilitarianism

Mill’s Utilitarianism 1. The main topic discussed in Mill’s for is obviously Utilitarianism and his own interpretation of the definition and what it means. Mill also talks about the misconception people have about utilitarianism and the basis behind his theory. Mill interprets utilitarianism and describes it as happiness and pleasure. He describes how people seek happiness with only the absence of pain. Mill’s theory also goes on the dictate that there are different levels of happiness and it...

Premium Form of the Good, Justice, Individual rights 987  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism—by John Stewart Mill Classical utilitarianism is hedonist, but values other than, or in addition to, pleasure (ideal utilitarianism) can be employed, or—more neutrally, and in a version popular in economics—anything can be regarded as valuable that appears as an object of rational or informed desire (preference utilitarianism). The test of utility maximization can also be applied directly to single acts (act utilitarianism), or to acts only indirectly through some other suitable...

Free Ethics, Utility, Justice 760  Words | 4  Pages

Open Document

Utilitarianism and Altruistic Acts

John Stuart Mill’s account of Utilitarianism claims “that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness” (Mill, 7). In addition, “the happiness which forms the utilitarian standard of what is right in conduct is not the agent’s own happiness but that of all concerned” (17). Individuals are often confronted with a choice which benefits others but fails to contribute something in return. Before deciding how to act, one evaluates...

Premium Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism 1182  Words | 5  Pages

Open Document

outline the important concept of utilitarianism

Outline the important concept of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism was a theory developed by Jeremy Bentham in the 18th century. Bentham’s theory was motivated by his desire to find universal theory that could be applies to every ethical situation. Due to industrial revolution people fled to the city where they endured urban oppression. Bentham’s theory helped improve social situations. This theory is also a teleological theory; telos meaning end or purpose. This means that the theory bases the...

Free John Stuart Mill, Hedonism, James Mill 645  Words | 3  Pages

Open Document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free