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    Mary Ainsworth

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    Mary Ainsworth a Prominent Woman of Psychology PSY/310 October 30‚ 2010 Mary Ainsworth a Prominent Woman of Psychology Mary D. Salter- Ainsworth was born in Glendale‚ Ohio in December of 1913. Her parents were both academics at Dickenson College. Her father majored in history‚ while Mary’s mother focused on teaching and nursing. According to her biography‚ Mary and her two sisters grew up in a very “close-knit family” (Ainsworth‚ 1983). The importance of education was definitely impressed

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    Charlene Holm General Phycology 1 November 2012 Mary Ainsworth Attachment Theory Mary Ainsworth the psychologists who provide the most detailed analyst research on an individual attachment offering explanations. Like for instants we has adults teenagers know enough how we feel when the person leaves or apart from us and we are able to explain in it words. That does not go so well for young babies such has infants. In doing so Mary Ainsworth devised an experiment to discover and identify attachment

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    The study of the Attachment by Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth The word love brings us many meanings. But how do we learn to love? Is it something that we born with‚ like kind of pre-programmed behaviour or is it a something that we learn during our development? Do we bound to others because of something that we receive on exchange or the constant proximity forms the bound? The comprehension of what defines emotional attachments or the emotional bounding to others‚ either in humans or other

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    Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment Introduction Contrasting and comparing the work of Harry Harlow (1962) with the work of  Mary Ainsworth (1953) on understanding attachment in children‚ shows that attachment is not based in cupboard love (the provision of food by the mother or the primary care giver) but is mainly formed through contact comfort and the sensitive responsiveness to the child’s signals provided by the mother or by the primary care giver. Mary Ainsworth’s study

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    Many have studied attachment; however‚ John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth are the researchers responsible for the origination of the attachment theory in the late eighteenth century‚ and in turn‚ also became catalysts for research on attachment. The attachment theory claims that attachment “related behaviors‚ are activated in times of personal distress” (Bernier. Larose‚ & Whipple‚ 2005‚ p. 172). Attachment‚ as defined by Ainsworth‚ is “‘an affectional tie’ that an infant forms with a caregiver—a tie

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    Comparing and contrasting the work of Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment. In 1950s psychology was mainly leaded by the behaviourists‚ their belief was that humans were motivated because of their primary needs like obtain hunger‚ thirst‚ avoid pain and satisfy sexual needs. Harry Harlow changed it all. He refused to accept that affection and love are less important and his paper “The nature of love” became bestseller among others. Harlow has said that ”Love is wondrous state

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    Before Bowlby and Ainsworth came forth with attachment theory‚ the role parental attentiveness played in the cognitive and psychological development of the child was widely understated. Although similar theorists such as Piaget‚ Erickson‚ Freud‚ Kohlberg and Braufenbreener all vied for secured interactions between mothers and infants‚ their comments appeared to be understated in light of the developmental theories (Crain‚ 2010). As such‚ the theory positions itself as an incredible strength. When

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    Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth shared a common interest in attachment. Although their work is different and how they went about doing their experiments there were similarities between the pair as both of them did studies to see how attachment presented itself in different individuals. Harlow’s work was based in a laboratory and was a long term experiment using monkeys. The treatment of the animals was seen as poor and unethical. Certain parts to the experiments could even be called cruel. Harlows

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    Lorena Rodriguez 7/25/13 Ms. Ana Leon CD 52 Mary Ainsworth’s bibliography Mary D. Salter Ainsworth lives in Glendale Ohio and was born in December of 1913. Ainsworth was very knowledgeable since her childhood. Her childhood was good for her because of her parents. She began reading by the age of three‚ but then her parents were helping her to read. She lived with her two younger sisters that work so hard to help Mary. Both of their parents graduated in Dickenson College. Her dad earned a masters

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    In a famous experiment titled the “Stranger situation” psychologists Mary Aninsworth (expanding on work done by Bowlby) observed children between the age of 12 to 18 months. She was interested in their response at being left alone and then reunited with their mothers. The results led her to 3 major attachment styles. In 1986‚ researchers Main and Solomon added a fourth attachment style. A number of studies since then have confirmed that the attachment style that develops in a child’s early years

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    lead them to believe that the world is cruel and bad. Autonomy vs. shame this stage the child learns to do activities independently but can also lead to shame if they lose approval. 2. Explain Mary Ainsworth’s Strange Situation experiment‚ and its significance in the development of attachment. Mary Ainsworth’s strange situation experiment is to assess the quality of the infant attachment with the caregiver. The experiment was having a mother leaving the 12-18

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    Mary Ainsworth PSY/310 Mary D. Salter Ainsworth When reading many introductions on the history of psychology it is noticed there are very few females mentioned. That does not mean women are not attributed to making significant impacts in the development of psychology. “The contributions of many of psychology ’s most eminent female thinkers have long been ignored‚ but that is starting to change as more history texts begin to recognize women such as Karen Horney‚ Mary Ainsworth‚ Leta Hollingworth

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    Harlow and Mary Ainsworth on understanding attachment “Attachment is relatively long term‚ emotionally important relationship in which one individual seeks proximity to and derives security and comfort from the presence of another” (Investigating psychology‚ 2012 p. 193). Harry Harlow and Mary Ainsworth are two famous psychologist who provided us series of experiments to understand the attachment in terms of psychology. HarryHarlow started the experiments on monkeys and Mary Ainsworth focused

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    Ainsworth Strange Situation Studies The Strange Situation procedure‚ developed by American psychologist Mary Ainsworth‚ is widely used in child development research. Much research in psychology has focused on how forms of attachment differ between infants. For example‚ Schaffer and Emerson (1964) discovered what appeared to be innate differences in sociability in babies; some babies preferred cuddling more than others‚ from very early on‚ before much interaction had occurred to cause such differences

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    her 1970’s research‚ psychologist Mary Ainsworth expanded greatly upon Bowlby’s original work. Her groundbreaking "Strange Situation" study revealed the profound effects of attachment on behavior. In the study‚ researchers observed children between the ages of 12 and 18 months as they responded to a situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mothers (Ainsworth‚ 1978). Based upon the responses the researchers observed‚ Ainsworth described three major styles of attachment:

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    Attachment Theory

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    future relationships (Norton‚ 2003). AT provided answers the high mortality in orphanages as well as providing caregivers and professionals insight into the parent-child bond (Dewar‚ 2014) The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP)‚ designed by Mary Ainsworth (as citied by Mcleod‚ 2008) is commonly used to determine the infants’ attachment and the type of attachment the child has to his/her caregiver (Benoit‚ 2004). In this scenario described above‚ it is appears that the social worker uses part of

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    Understanding Attachment

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    a connection between two people. It is a bond that involves a persons desire for regular contact with that person and the experience of distress during separation from that person” (Ainsworth‚ M. 1958) Two of the biggest contributors to the understanding of attachment are Harry Harlow (1905 - 1981) and Mary Ainsworth (1913 - 1999). In 1958‚ psychologist Harry Harlow conducted a series of experiments to investigate an infants bond with its mother or care provider. Due to the ethics at the time

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    (Rutter‚ 1972) Bowlby’s theory is wide-ranging and provided a basis of research into the nature of early relationships‚ and so established a good foundation for Mary Ainsworth’s attachment theory. Ainsworth took her theory a step further with the Strange Situation‚ which splits attachment into three types; secure avoidant and resistant (Ainsworth‚ 1964). Ainsworth’s Strange Situation involved providing an unfamiliar but interesting environment where the child was motivated to explore but needed to feel

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    infant’s physical and emotional survival. This Darwin-based theory states that infants are innately equipped with social releasers‚ such as crying or cooing‚ to gain their mother’s attention and comfort in real or perceived situations of danger (Ainsworth & Bell‚ 1970; Bowlby‚ 1969; Howe‚ 2005). In an ideal‚ secure attachment‚ the perception of threat is eliminated by a mother’s comfort and proximity; this interaction regulates the infant’s distress allowing the infant to regain

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    feelings; our sense of curiosity‚ motivation and confidence to explore and learn and how we are able to relate to others and tasks/activities. In this paper I will firstly be discussing the major theorises of attachment these being John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Secondly I will explain how attachment informs in social work. ‘Among the most significant developments of psychiatry during the past quarter of a century has been the steady growth of evidence that the quality of parental care which a child

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