Calculus is the mathematical study of change‚[1] in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations. It has two major branches‚ differential calculus (concerning rates of change and slopes of curves)‚ and integral calculus (concerning accumulation of quantities and the areas under curves); these two branches are related to each other by the fundamental theorem of calculus. Both branches make use of the fundamental
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1. ht= -4.9t2+ 450‚ where t is the time elapsed in seconds and h is the height in metres. a) Table of Values t(s) | h(t) (m) | 0 | ht= -4.9(0)2+ 450= 450 | 1 | ht= -4.9(1)2+ 450= 445.1 | 2 | ht= -4.9(2)2+ 450= 430.4 | 3 | ht= -4.9(3)2+ 450= 405.9 | 4 | ht= -4.9(4)2+ 450=371.6 | 5 | ht= -4.9(5)2+ 450=327.5 | 6 | ht= -4.9(6)2+ 450= 273.6 | 7 | ht= -4.9(7)2+ 450= 209.9 | 8 | ht= -4.9(8)2+ 450= 136.4 | 9 | ht= -4.9(9)2+ 450=53.1 | 10 | ht= -4.9(10)2+ 450= -40 |
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History of Differential Calculus Universidad Iberoamericana September 20‚ 2013 Ever since men felt the need to count‚ the history of calculus begins‚ which together with Mathematics is one of the oldest and most useful science. Since men felt that need for counting objects‚ this need led to the creation of systems that allowed them to maintain control of their properties. They initially did it with the use of fingers‚ legs‚ or stones. But as humans continued developing
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How the calculus was invented? Calculus‚ historically known as infinitesimal calculus‚ is a mathematical discipline focused on limits‚ functions‚ derivatives‚ integrals‚ and infinite series. Ideas leading up to the notions of function‚ derivative‚ and integral were developed throughout the 17th century‚ but the decisive step was made by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz. Publication of Newton’s main treatises took many years‚ whereas Leibniz published first (Nova methodus‚ 1684) and the whole
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1. Calculus is split into two branches‚ differential calculus and integral calculus. Differential calculus is used to find the rates of change for geometric curves. This means that differential calculus is used to find the slope or tangent along a specific direction of a geometric curve. This relates directly to change‚ because finding the slope or tangent of a geometric curve is essentially finding the rate of change for that geometric curve. The other branch of calculus‚ integral calculus‚ is concerned
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History of Calculus Calculus is an integral part of the mathematics world. Various mathematicians coming from all parts of the world have shaped this theorem but the two main contributors are Sir Isaac Newton and Wilhelm Von Leibniz. The reason they are considered the inventors of Calculus is because they were able to give a unified approach to tangent and area problems unlike the others who used specific methods. Both of these mathematicians developed general concepts Newton was associated with
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History of Calculus The history of calculus falls into several distinct time periods‚ most notably the ancient‚ medieval‚ and modern periods. The ancient period introduced some of the ideas of integral calculus‚ but does not seem to have developed these ideas in a rigorous or systematic way. Calculating volumes and areas‚ the basic function of integral calculus‚ can be traced back to the Egyptian Moscow papyrus (c. 1800 BC)‚ in which an Egyptian successfully calculated the volume of a pyramidal
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1a. h=-4.9t^2+450 1b. h(t)=-4.9t^2+450 (h(2)-h(0))/(2-0) ((-4.9(〖2)〗^2+450)-(-4.9(0)^2+450))/2 =(430.4-450)/2 =-19.6 ∴The average velocity for the first two seconds was 19.6 metres per second. c. i) i) = =-24.5 ∴ The average velocity from is 24.5 metres/s. ii) = -14.7 iii) = -12.25 ∴ The average velocity from is 12.25 metres/s. d) Instantaneous velocity at 1s: =-9.8 ∴ The instantaneous velocity
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History and the Importance of Calculus Calculus can be summed up as "the study of mathematically defined change"5‚ or the study of infinity and the infinitesimal. The basic concepts of it include: limits‚ derivatives‚ differentiation and integrals. The word "calculus" means "rock"; the reason behind the naming of it is that rocks were used to used to carry out arithmetic. This branch of mathematics is able to be rooted all the way back to around 450 B.C.‚ when Zeno of Elea discovered infinite numbers
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Calculus Cheat Sheet Derivatives Definition and Notation f ( x + h) - f ( x) . If y = f ( x ) then the derivative is defined to be f ¢ ( x ) = lim h ®0 h If y = f ( x ) then all of the following are equivalent notations for the derivative. df dy d f ¢ ( x ) = y¢ = = = ( f ( x ) ) = Df ( x ) dx dx dx If y = f ( x ) then‚ If y = f ( x ) all of the following are equivalent notations for derivative evaluated at x = a . df dy f ¢ ( a ) = y ¢ x =a = = = Df ( a ) dx x =a dx
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