Les Misérables


Key Facts

Title: Les Misérables

Author: Victor Hugo

Type of work: Novel

Genre: Historical novel

Original Language: French

Written in: Paris and the Channel Islands, between 1845 and 1862

First published: 1862

Set in: Various cities in France, between the years 1789 and 1832

Narrator: An unnamed, omniscient narrator

Point of view: Third-person, omniscient. The narrator is anonymous, but often addresses the reader directly.

Protagonist: Jean Valjean

Tense: Past

Climax: Valjean goes to the barricade to rescue Marius and then pretends to execute Javert, but really sets him free.

Falling action: Javert commits suicide. Marius and Cosette marry. Valjean confesses his criminal past to Marius, becomes ill, reunites with Cosette, and then dies.

Sign up to continue reading Key Facts >

Essays About Les Misérables