Who was Pericles and why is he important to Greece?
Author: Mrs. Lori Miller
Class/Grade Level: Social Studies/6th grade
SS6S2C2PO7— Describe the development of the following types of government and citizenship in ancient Greece and Rome • democracy
• republics/ empires
SS6S3C4PO3— Describe the importance of citizens being actively involved in the democratic process. (e.g., voting, student government, involvement in political decision making, analyzing issues, or petitioning public officials). SS6S4C4PO4— Identify factors (e.g., river/coastal civilizations, trade that influence the location, distribution, and inter-relationships of economic activities over time in different regions.
SS6S2C2PO8— Describe scientific and cultural advancements in ancient civilizations (e.g., networks of roads, aqueducts, art and architecture, literature and theatre, mathematics, philosophy). SS6S2C2PO9— Identify the roles and contributions of individuals in the following ancient civilizations • Greece (e.g., Sophocles, Euripides, Pericles, Homer)
SS6S3C3PO2— Describe the impact of the Greek democracy on ancient Greeks and how it relates to current forms of government. SS6S5C1PO4— Compare how money, as opposed to barter, facilitates trade. SS6S4C2PO4— Describe the environmental, economic, cultural and political effects of human migrations and cultural diffusion on places and regions.
SS6S5C1PO4— Explain how trade promoted economic growth throughout world regions.
I can: read and research a topic to take a position in which to present, argue, and defend my position with evidence to support my claims on both sides of a topic in an academic controversy. I can: write an essay on a topic taking a position in which to present, argue, and defend my position with evidence to support my claims based on analysis gain from my learning experience in an academic controversy. • Take one side of the controversy and write an argumentative essay supporting that side. • You may use the notes you took as a reference to write your essay. Overview:
The time period covered in the story is the life of Pericles, about 495 to 429 B.C., but mostly the fifty years from 480 to 430 B.C., the Golden Age of Athens. During this time, the city of Athens was at its most powerful both politically and culturally. It was more or less at peace after the destruction of the Persian Wars, and had a very strong navy; it had also become the leader of a group of states called the Delian League. The Athenians did not get along very well with the cities in the Peloponnesian area of Greece, particularly Sparta and Corinth and their allies; this was partly due to jealousy over Athens' growing power.
These documents will allow students to glean and gather relevant information and evidence to support their position in answering the question: Who was Pericles and why is he important to Greece? Students will answer the following questions along with their analysis of the documents to formulate their position and consensus on the topic of the essential question.
Document 1: What is Plutarch's aim in writing the Life of Pericles? So far we haven't heard a great deal about Pericles
himself: only some details about his ancestry and appearance. How do those two things tie in with Plutarch's ideas of virtue? Why does Plutarch believe that perfumers and pipers must be wretched human beings? Do you agree? What point is he trying to make about leading a virtuous life?
Document 2: It might be fun to do a scene from "This is Your Life" with Pericles and Anaxagoras, but it might also be difficult at this point since we haven't read much about the later life of Pericles. You could keep it in mind for later, though! What were the things that Anaxagoras taught Pericles? What does the illustration of the man bothering Pericles show about Pericles' character? How were the two explanations for the ram's horn different? How...
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