The Federal Government showed to be ineffective under the Articles of Confederation. The Government lacked power, with large state governments showing to be superior. The U.S Constitution proposed a new form of government. With the addition of three separate branches of government, being, legislative, executive, and judicial, the Constitution also created a stronger Federal Government, weakening state governments. As southern states with larger populations were against the ratification of the Constitution, northern states consisting of fewer, more wealthy people, supported it. Federalists and Antifederalists took sides, prompting debate over a solution to the issue. The writings of the U.S Constitution produced major concerns at the center of the Constitutional Convention as the future of America had to be written.
The writing of the U.S Constitution generated many concerns over the amount of power to be allowed in the Federal Government. Political parties of Federalists and Antifederalists formed, sparking debate over the issue. As Federalists supported the proposed U.S Constitution, Antifederalists supported the government formed under the Articles of Confederation. Federalists felt that a strong central government would give protection to public and private credit. Many large landowners, judges, lawyers, leading clergymen, political figures, and merchants were in favor of ratifying the U.S Constitution. James Madison writes in Federalist Papers #10, “Complaints are everywhere heard from our most considerate and virtuous citizens, equally the friends of public and private faith and public of personal liberty, that our governments are too unstable” (Doc. A). Congressmen such as Madison strongly supported a stronger Federal Government. The existing government under the Articles of Confederation needed to be altered to ensure more control over the states. Federalists believed that if change wasn’t made the nation would fail. “Either the