Study Guide for Exam 1
Study Questions from which 5 multiple choice and 4 short answer questions will be selected: Chapter 1:
What kind of impressions did Columbus have of indigenous Americans? He saw them as being from the East Indies. He termed them Indians.
What was the impact of the contact between indigenous Americans and Europeans? 80 million people- 1/5 of mankind died in the first 150 years of their first contact. Because of disease and military prowess.
How did the Spanish justify the conquest and colonization of indigenous Americans? They were wonvinved that Catholicism was superior to all other religions. They insisted that there goal was to save the Indians from heathenism and prevent them from falling under the sway of Protestantism.
How did French colonization in the Americas differ from the Spanish? The French came up with a series of military, commercial, and diplomatic connections with the Indians. They allowed them to remain with their beliefs. The Spanish had forced them to work.
Who was Mansa Musa? The ruler of mali (Africa) put his realm on the map in 1324 when he lead a great pilgrimage to Mecca, distributing gold.
What was the reconquista? The reconquest of Spain from the Moors. It accomplished Spain’s unification.
What was coverture? This legal doctrine stated that when a women married, she surrenderd her legal identity, which became covered by that of her husband.
What was the Columbian Exchange? The transatlantic flow of goods and people; plants, animals, and different cultures. Reversed millions of years of evolution.
Who was Bartolome de Las Casas? Dominican priest that published account of the decimation of the Indians with A Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies.
What was the repartimiento system? Spain established this system, where the residents of Indian villages remained legally free and entitled to wages, but were still required to perform a fixed amount af labor each year.
What was the Black Legend? The image of Spain as a uniquely brutal and exploitative colonizer. This led to Europe challenging their power here.
What were Spain’s New Laws? Created for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians", and were created to prevent the exploitation of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas Chapter 2:
What rights and obligations did indentured servants have? They worked 4-7 years and then were freed.
What impact did tobacco have on English colonies? Because of the ever expanding mass market in Europe, tobacco became Virginia’s gold. It brought an emerging class of tobacco planters. Inspired a get rich quick attitude and a quick need for land and labor. It increased the desire for indentured servants.
What factors made Jamestown's survival very difficult? The water was contaminated and infested with malarial mosquitos. All male, too many gentlemen. They refused to take orders and looked for gold rather than planting or “working”.
How did English settlement transform Native American life? England was interested in establishing a permanent and constantly expanding colony, not a trading post. Conflict was inevitable. Opechancanough led the attack. Chapter 2:
What was the 'enclosure' movement?...
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