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Societal Comparison on China and India

By Gmobolaji1 Oct 15, 2012 581 Words
Chapter 2
Document analysis
Source: teachings of the Rival Chinese Schools
Author: Confucius, Mencius, Xunzi, Laozi
Time period:
Purpose: to compare and contrast teachings of different philosophers Tone: teachings
Audience: followers of Confucianism and Daoism
Point of view: first person
Important content: teachings
Assessment of validity: valid

Chapter 3
Time period
Society | china| India|
Characteristics of society| | |
Political| As the dynasties changed, so did the syle of leadership. For example, Qin stressed central authority wgereas the Han expanded the powers od the bureaucracy| Not very cohesive or central.| Social| The rich lived in an entirely different world from the poor.| No interaction between caste systems. | Economic| Agricultural and trade economy. Copper coins were used as money.| Agricultural economy.| Artistic| | |

Religious| Closely linked to politics. Confusiouist tolorted Daoism | Hinduism amd buddism were the largestreligions practiced in India.| Intellectual| | |
Technological| Ox drawn plow, water powered mills, and paper were invented in China| India developed Sanskrit| Military| Only people from the upper class were trained for the military| Warriors were at the top of the social pyramid| Geographic| Very secluded and isolated from outside influences| Very accessible to other countries and open to influences from the middle East and the Mediterranean. It was partially separated from the rest of Asia, especially east Asia by the Himalayas | Demographic| Not very diverse| Very diverse|

Women’s status| Seen as unimportant and as property not humans.| Seen as clever and strong willed. Celebrated for emotions and beauty| | | |
| | |

Document analysis
Source: Greek ambassador description of Mauryan court
Author: Greek ambassador
Time period: 322 B.C.E.
Political: Chandragupta Mauryan
Social: turmoil
Economic: well off
Purpose: to describe the Mauryan court
Tone: objective
Audience: reader/ listener
Point of view: Greek ambassador
Important content: description of Mauryan court
Evidence of bias: none
Assessment of validity: valid

Chapter 4
Document analysis
Source: Rome and a Values Crisis
Author: Ciero
Society: Greece
Purpose: to inspire a source of change
Tone: motivational
Audience: Greeks and Romans
Point of view: first person
Imprtanat cintent: Ciero’s comments
Evidence of bias: none
Assessment of validity: valid

Conflict analysis

Name of conflict: Roman Policy toward religion in general and Christianity Time period:509- 27 B.C.E.
Type of conflict: religious
Underlying causes:

Society | Mediterranean| Indian | Chinese |
Characteristic of society| | | |
Political | Women did not dabble into politics.| Women did not participate in politics| The emperor was picked based on bloodlines or revolts.| Social | Women were held inferior to men. | Parents arranged marriages for their children to ensure solid economic links. | Social status was passed on from generation to generation.| Economic| Women had vital economic functions, particularly in farming and artisan families| Women did not contribute much to the economy, rather that burden fell on the men| | Artistic| | | |

Religious| | The woman was expected to worship her husband| | Intellectual| It was unusual for women to go to school and study| Women were expected to be clever and strong willed| Males from the upper class were to be taught| Technological| Most of the technological advances were made by men| Most of the technological advances were made by men| There was a great advance in technology during the Han dynasty| Military| Slaves were used for military expansion| | |

Geography| The Roman empire is open to all sorts of cultures | India is shielded from some cultures, but not all.| China was isolated from almost every culture| Demographic| Extremely diverse.| Diverse. | Mostly Chinese.| Women’s status| Not thought of as important| Thought of as a friend and companion to the husband| Thought of as property| | | | |

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