Social work

Topics: Social work, Sociology, Critical social work Pages: 8 (1233 words) Published: December 8, 2013
What is AOP?
Multiple interventions
Caring for individuals to make situations more
comfortable
Links between the personal experiences of
disadvantage and their structural causes
Links between therapy and the conscious deeds
that enable oppressed people to change
themselves and social conditions
What Does AOP Look Like?
Counteracting the damaging effects of
oppression
Building individual and community strengths to
counteract oppression
Building strengths of individuals/ groups to
analyze oppressive conditions, reclaim
identities, change social and psychological
patterns associated with oppression
How Does AOP Differ From
Mainstream Social Work?
social, cultural economic &
political systems reproduce injustice
Interventions based on
multiple levels
Examines the status quo as maintaining injustice
Thoughtful critique and skepticism to the medical, psychiatric and criminal labels

Mainstream
social, economic & political
systems are neutral
Interventions are individually
based
Accepts the status quo
Social problems are given
medical, psychiatric,
criminal labels
The Nature of Oppression
A person is blocked from opportunities
to self-development, excluded from full
participation in society and does not
have certain rights that dominant
groups take for granted or is assigned
second class citizenship, simply
because an individual belongs to a
specific category of people
Oppression and it’s affects are maintained by
social, cultural, economic and political systems.
For example:
Media
Policy, legislation
Market economies
Capitalism
Definition of oppression
Review critical reflection: “whats the hidden agenda”?
Key elements of AOP
Differences between AOP and mainstream social work practice
Name two key elements of AOP
Name two significant differences between AOP and mainstream practice Rational Systems Approach
Part of a conscious, thought-out and rational system
Arrange human resource workers
Collective goal - usually helping people meet certain needs
Serving everyone at the lowest cost with the highest
Quality
Systems Approach
Organizations have external and internal
environments
Organizations have a relationship with the
external environment: input and output
Their resource and relevance are tied to the external and internal environments External environment: mike harris years
Globalization: reduction and removal of barriers between
nations to increase the ease of goods, capital, services and labour (not immigration)
Accelerated globalization - late 1980s - mid 2000s
Significance:
Changing populations
National policies come under the influence of international agencies, processes, companies Large-bodied corporations have large control over resources and policy Growing interest in reducing the deficit

Reducing the deficit = reducing social programs including
Living wages
Accessible child-care
Violence prevention programs
Shelters
All of these could/should have cushioned the effects of
globalization
A general push toward neo-liberalism
Neo-Liberalism
Economic and social policy approach
Market driven
Stress on privatization
Emphasis on efficiency
Freeing up markets to increase the “free”
private sector in having an “objective” and
effective influence on political and economic
priorities of the state
Increase in unemployment (manufacturing
sector)
Increase in use of social services
Funding cuts
Emphasis on efficiency
Emphasis on “scientific management - planning of
work to achieve efficiency, standardization,
specialization and simplification
Specialization vs generalized practiced
Mainstreaming & depoliticisation

Reflective Practice
Lived experience (ex. Class reflection exercise)
A process of reflecting on experience, qualitative
experience and engage in a process of continuous
learning and knowledge production (Ferguson, 2011)
Challenges
Romantic of social work history
No strong checks & balances system
Difficult to...
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