Pre-Civil War Study Guide
Missouri Compromise- (Louisiana Purchase)
Issue – Mo. wants to come in as a slave state.
Problem- This would upset the balance of free and slave states in Congress
Compromise (Henry Clay)-
• Let Mo. come in as a slave state
• Let Maine come in as a free state
• No slavery above the 36 30 line of latitude
Mexican War/Mexican Cession –
As a result of the war America got California and much of the SW. (Mexican Cession) The question of slavery arose. (free v. slave states) Suggestions:
• Extend the 36 30 line
• Wilmot Proviso – no slavery at all
• Calhoun said slaves are property protected by the 5th amendment • Popular Sovereignty – let the people of the territory vote on slavery (developed by Stephen Douglas) Compromise of 1850 (Henry Clay)
• California would come in as a free state
• Popular Sovereignty in the rest of the Mexican Cession • Tougher Fugitive Slave Law
• Abolished slave trade in DC
Time of relative peace until Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written.
Clay and Calhoun died in the early 50s thinking they saved the union.
Kansas Nebraska Act: (1854) Stephen Douglas
• Divided the rest of the Louisiana Purchase into Kansas and Nebraska • Declared Popular Sovereignty for the area
** This made the Missouri Compromise line null and void.
Formation of the Republican Party:
• Opposed the extension/expansion of slavery
• Wanted the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed
• A race began between the pro and anti slavery forces to settle Kansas. • Result on election day : two constitutions
• A “Mini Civil War” broke out. (Sack of Lawrence) • Kansas came in as a free state in 1861
Kansas-Constitution: ( don’t get bogged down in this,...
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