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Population Growth in the Philippines

By IAMDerekga Mar 16, 2013 611 Words
I. Introduction

The Philippine population in the early 1990s continued to grow at a rapid, although somewhat reduced rate from that which had prevailed in the preceding decades. In 1990 the Philippine population was more than 66 million, up from 48 million in 1980. This figure represents an annual growth rate of 2.5 percent, down from 2.6 percent in 1980 and from more than 3 percent in the 1960s. Even at the lower growth rate, the Philippine population will increase to an estimated 77 million by the year 2000 and will double every twenty-nine years into the next century. Moreover, in 1990 the population was still a youthful one, with 57 percent under the age of twenty. The birth rate in early 1991 was 29 per 1,000, and the death rate was 7 per 1,000. The infant mortality rate was 48 deaths per 1,000 live births. Population density increased from 160 per square kilometer in 1980 to 220 in 1990. The rapid population growth and the size of the younger population has required the Philippines to double the amount of housing, schools, and health facilities every twenty-nine years just to maintain a constant level. II. Presentation of Data

Population Growth of the Philippines from 2000 – 2012|
2000| 81,159,650|
2001| 82,841,520|
2002| 84,525,640|
2003| 84,619,980|
2004| 86,241,700|
2005| 87,857,470|
2006| 89,468,680|
2007| 91,077,290|
2008| 96,061,680|
2009| 97,976,600|
2010| 99,900,180|
2011| 101,833,900|
2012| 103,775,000|

Top 10 Cities with Great Number of Population
1.Quezon City2,679,450
2. Manila1,660,714
3.Caloocan City1,378,856
4.Davao City1,363,337
5.Cebu City798,809
6.Zamboanga City774,407
10.Valenzuela City568,928

Philippine Sex Ratio (accurate as of July 26, 2012)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
Total population: 1 male(s)/female

This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually, it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners. Population, families and household statistics

*household population / ** projected population
Total Fertility Rates

II. Conclusion

A lot of studies suggest that population has a direct impact to the economy of a country. More specifically, several papers came out highlighting that the Philippines is already overpopulated and this is causing the economic woes of the country. A Policy Brief by the Philippine Center for Population and Development in 2010 categorically stated that “The rapid population growth in the Philippines over the last several decades has hindered the country’s economic development. From 2000 to 2009, the Philippines had one of the highest population growth rates in the Southeast Asian region at 2.04 percent (as of 2007) and the second largest population of more than 92 million in 2009, next only to Indonesia.” V. References

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