PSYC 1101 Exam 1 Study Guide
**Answers to most of these questions can be found in both your lecture notes and the textbook. However, some answers might only be found in lecture notes while some questions might be easier answered from information in the textbook. Please utilize both resources, along with the chapter quizzes in the textbook. The following website also provides chapter quizzes, visual tutorials, and vocabulary terms that may help with studying: http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/exploring9e. If you are able to answer these questions, then you should do fine on the exam.
1. What is the definition of psychology? How did the definition evolve since the beginning? 2. What is the difference between structuralism and functionalism? 3. What is hindsight bias and overconfidence, and why are they important to psychology? 4. What are the main differences between a psychologist and a psychiatrist? 5. What is the difference between a research psychologist and an applied psychologist? 6. What are the different types of psychologists and what are their main areas of study? You should be able to apply the definitions to specific examples (e.g., what type of psychologist would study the impact of group pressure on behavior? Answer: social psychologist) 7. What is a theory? What is a hypothesis? How are they different? 8. What are the different research methods that psychologists use to answer research questions? Be sure to know the difference between description (describe), correlation (predict), and experimentation (explain) methods. 9. What is random sampling and why is it important (i.e., why is it important that sampling is random)? What is the difference between random sampling and random assignment? 10. What is a correlation coefficient? What is the difference between the magnitude (strength) of a relationship and the direction of a relationship? How is each represented? Be sure to know how to pick out the strongest versus weakest...
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