I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud by William Wordsworth
I. His Life
1770 — born in Cumberland, now called Wordsworth House
1779 - 1787 — attended the Grammar School
1787-1791 — studied at St John's College, Cambridge
1790 — visited revolutionary France and supported
1793 —published An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches
1795 — met Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Somerset.
1797 — moved to Somerset with his sister Dorothy
1798 — produced Lyrical Ballads together with Coleridge
1799 —moved to Grasmere in the Lake District, with fellow poet Robert Southey（1774-1843 nearby. Wordsworth, Southey, and Coleridge came to be known as “Lake Poets” （“湖畔派”诗人）. 1804 — decay of Both Coleridge's health and his relationship to Wordsworth mid-1810s — decline in his works
1813 — moved to Rydal Mount where he spent the rest of his life. 1847 — his production of poetry came to a standstill.
1850 — William Wordsworth died in Rydal Mount.
William Wordsworth wrote some 70,000 lines of verse, 40,000 lines more than any other poet.
II. His Reputation
one of the most accomplished and influential of England's romantic poets the leading figure of the English romantic poetry
England's Poet Laureate from 1843 until his death in 1850 often viewed as a “nature poet”
III. His principles of poetry
In the Preface to the second edition of "Lyrical Ballads," Wordsworth says: “All good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings; it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.”
（好诗是强烈感情的自然流溢，它来自宁静的回忆）。 “What is a poet?”
“He is a man speaking to men; a man…endowed with more lively sensibility, more enthusiasm and tenderness, an man who has a greater knowledge of human nature, and more comprehensive soul…” IV. Wordsworth’s concept of nature
1) Nature refreshes one’s soul and fill one with happiness. 自然美景能净化人的心灵，能给人愉悦。 2) It can also be stored into a beautiful memory which will comfort one’s heart when in solitude. 具有疗效作用 V. Wordsworth’s Contribution:
1) He started the modern poetry: the poetry of the growing inner self. 2) He changed the course of English poetry: using ordinary speech of the language and advocating a return to nature. VI. Wordsworth’s concerns:
Issues of man
The relationship of man and nature
VII. Wordsworth’s writing style:
clarity of diction
new forms of poetic sincerity
delicate insight, acute comprehension, exquisite presentation VIII. Wordsworth’s Major Works:
An Evening Walk 《黄昏信步》1793
Descriptive Sketches 《写景诗》1793
The Lyrical Ballads 《抒情歌谣集》1798
Tintern Abbey 《丁登寺》
She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
My Heart Leaps Up
The Excursion 《远足》
Lucy Poems 《露西组诗》
The Prelude 《序曲》（自传诗）
I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
I. rhyme scheme
four six-line stanzas
a quatrain-couplet rhyme scheme: ABABCC.
Each line is metered in iambic tetrameter.
II. Background story
The poet tells us that one day when wandering through a landscape, he was struck by the sight of a field of daffodils. III. The diction of this poem
The diction of this poem is, in general, simple, direct, and clear. 1. The image of the daffodils:
words of movement: fluttering and dancing; tossing their heads words of radiance: golden; twinkle; sparkling
Words for joy: glee, sprightly, gay, jocund, bliss
2. The image of the speaker
words of movement: wander; saw; saw at a glance; gaze; saw with inward eyes; dance words of emotion: lonely; bliss; vacant; full
The first line establishes the speaker’s loneliness.
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