Notes - Sept 15, 2013
The Art Institute of Chicago Building was 1893 structure built as the World's Congress Auxiliary Building and was built for the Columbian Expo. 5The Art Institute of Chicago opened as the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts on May 24, 1879. Chicago is a young city. 1577 painting… Artist moves with color
El Greko, born Doménikos Theotokópoulos, was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. "El Greco" (The Greek) was a nickname, a reference to his national Greek origin 12 apostles. Mary as a symbol she is a queen. Red stands for love. White for purity, goodness. Good as gold. “Assumption of the Virgin”. Mary was assumed body and soul to heaven. Between 1577 – 79. Art Institute purchased in 1906. Golden age of Holland 1600s. Rembrandt van Rin. Holland had a middle class that purchased non-religious paintings. Rembrandt master of Chiar Oscor. Composition… Triangular shape gives unity and stability.
Officer with gold chain, portrait of artist father, old man with gold chain. Likey commoner modeling for Rembrandt of Amsterdam. Impressionism. Art Institute has the biggest collection outside of Paris. Claude Monet, one of the fathers of Impressionism. “The Artist House” 1873. Rules, state art should be about history or religion, should show knowledge, teach something, or have a moral lesson. Art should be smooth and polished. Impressionist were rejected by Salon, big art show. They broke all the rules. “Impressionist” was originally an insult. They wanted to capture a moment in life and to work quickly and capture light. They were very interested in optics. They began their own independent shows in 1870s. Renoir could paint people very well. Wealthy people sought him out for portraits. In older age, he stated would have spent more time learning how to draw and less time listening to Monet. “On the Terrace” was also known as “Two Sisters”. Pierre-Auguste Renoir painted this delightful homage to springtime, youth, and beauty. 1881, oil on canvas Toured Mrs. James Ward Thorn Miniature Rooms
Notes - Sept 22, 2013
Roman designed arches. Greek invented columns. Corinthian is Column with leaves. Balustrade columns style Chicago became a city in 1837, new city. Chicago here because of the river. Later a railroad hub. Millennium Park built over the railroads tracks. 250 million donated by wealthy Chicagoans. 1920s development of many Chicago buildings. Map of ancient world includes, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Eygpt. Mediterranean Sea thought of as the middle of the world, means sea middle of land. Alexander the great spread Egyptian way. Greece concurred Egypt, developed archaic art from Egyptian hieroglyphics. Then came sloped classical style. 150 BC Romans conquered Greece. Established Greco-Roman style. Carthage rivaled Romans… 3 centuries and fought 3 wars for control of Mediterranean. Carthage led by Hannibal. Carthage now known as Tunis, Tunisia. Pottery… Greek pottery is Red on Black and Black on red.
Greek sculpture is contrapposto (counter pose). Style pose associated with Praxiteles. Back shapes an “s” curve. The Roman Empire stretched from Scotland to Siri. Roman Empire spread Latin. Sport stadiums modeled from the coliseum. Western art comes from the Roman. Roman sculpture more realistic, Greek art more idealistic. Mural paintings… Word for wall, mura. Tile art, stone art. Mosaics. Much of ancient art damaged through time. Bread and circuses used to keep people controlled and entertained. Constantine split Roman Empire. It was ruled from Rome and Byzantium. Eastern art know as Byzantine art. Constantine became christian and legalized Christianity.
Middle ages or medieval was 1000 after Roman around 476. Not all middle Ages were dark ages. Paris, architecture, medieval philosophy, gothic architecture. During the middle ages the style of Greece was lost, the art of portraying real people. Renaissance – French word meaning rebirth. Faces became more human...
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