Examples of Macro and Micro Economics Essay Example

Pages: 2 (869 words) Published: March 18, 2011
?Economics is a social science that mainly focuses on different fields of knowledge dealing with the proper distribution, allotment, production and consumption of resources. Economics has been divided into two significant branches; one of it being the microeconomics and the other one being the macroeconomics. Microeconomics can be easily understood through the term micro itself which means small, microeconomics focuses on small level that is to say it includes areas of individual decision making and its core components include production, exchange, distribution and consumption. Macroeconomics on the other hand focuses on a much aggregate level. Unlike microeconomics it influences those areas in its study that mainly focus on the economy as a whole rather than individual analysis. Once we are clear on the definition of both of the branches of economics we can therefore clearly understand their importance in our daily lives. When talking about microeconomics there are a number of examples that can be presented to highlight its importance in everyday life, some of them are: a) The concept of utility is a base concept of microeconomics. The way we consume items, products or eatables in our daily live is all related to utility. For instance when we consume junk food it gives utility to us, when we listen to music on our iPods it provides utility to us or even when we read from a book we are getting utility out of that book. Utility basically satisfies our wants. In the examples above our want for hunger, entertainment and knowledge are all being satisfied. b) Diminishing Marginal utility is another core theory of microeconomics. Its key concept is that how do we get additional benefits or utility from a product that even at a minimum cost. Its most practical example can be that of entrepreneurs and businessmen who try to maximize their profits at the minimum costs or marketers who try to cover the most of their costs of marketing through one single element of...
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