Art History Chapter 20 Questions

Topics: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel ceiling Pages: 5 (1660 words) Published: March 17, 2014
1. In what ways was Leonardo da Vinci experimental with his artwork? He was experimental in that he used many different styles and techniques in his works. The last supper he established a balance between intense human emotion and symbolic importance of Jesus. It represented his soon to be death and the institution of the rituals of the Mass. He was experiemtnal in the fact that he had the skill of great proportions through his use of geometry.. Leonardo’s creation of the Vitruvian man is a great example as all of his legs are in perfect proportion. He also did something very different which was the painting of Mona Lisa, a woman without any jewelry or wedding ring, yet looking elegant and peaceful. Leonardo’s fame as an artist based on only a few pieces of art. What made him take the most chances was that he was less concerned with literature and strict traditions in art. He rather revolutionized art by making math, engineering, and geometric concepts ingrained concepts within his work.

2. What was the debate between painting and sculpture during the High Italian Renaissance? The debate was wheter or not painting and sculpture were liberal arts or not. Aristocrats and people more high up in society argued that painters and sculptors needed to be educated in the classics and mathematics before constructing pieces. In contrast, a majority of people thought that an artist could express emotions and important ideas of the time through painting, sculpture and architecture just as equally as a poet with writing, without an educated background. Furthermore, the use of nudity was popular among both painting and sculptures. Sculptures were always left unpainted because many felt as if the purity of the white marble would be diminished by paint.

3. Why did Raphael change his painting style?
Moving from Florence to Rome, Raphael changed his painting style under the pope Julis the II. At this time, Raphael would paint Religion, the Law, Poetry, and Philosophy, otherwise known as the 4 branches of knowledge. Overall, Raphael become known for the idealization in his work. He specialized in balanced composition, warm colors, and ideally proportions. Similar to Da Vinci, both could use very accurate proportions because of their experience with geometric concepts. Additionally, he like many other artists of the time, liked to use triangular composition.

4. What are some general features of painting in the High Italian Renaissance? The peak of classicism was achieved in the High Renaissance (led by Rome).The use of tempura allowed for a more malleable oil medium in painting. Artists depended less on patron families and from other sources such as donations. More middle class families rallied various pieces from great artists. More secular works were also seen as Christian patrons were not the only customers. Da Vinci brought about the painting method of “sfumato”, in which he rendered forms in a subtly soft way to create a misty effect across the painted surface. Artist also used the technique of Chiaroscuro in order to provide soft transitions between light and dark. Glazes were used in order to increase the richness in oil painting. Also, many portraits began to display three quarter view.

5. What is the arrangement of images on the Sistine Chapel Ceiling and why are the scenes ordered in that way? The images in the Sistine Chapel are arranged in which the narrative begins over the altar and ends near the chapel entrance. Moreover, God’s earliest actions of creation are placed closest to the altar, then the creation of eve, followed by the Temptation, the Fall, the Expulsion from Paradise and God’s eventual destruction of all people except Noah and his family by the flood. The triangular spandrels contain paintings of the ancestors of Jesus--each of which are flanked by mirror-image nides in seating and lying down positions. Running around ceiling of the chapel is a cornice that is supported by pillars decorated with putti...
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