AP Environmental Science Q&A

Topics: Ecology, Natural environment, Sustainability Pages: 5 (1473 words) Published: August 29, 2014
1. The environment is the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates; the natural world affected by human activity. 2. Environmental science is the study of the interaction between living and nonliving, physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment including their effects on all types of organisms but most often the impact humans have on the environment. Ecology, conservation biology, forestry, soil science, forest technology and physics are related to environmental science. 3. Environmentalism is a theory that views environment rather than heredity as the important factor in the development and especially the cultural and intellectual development of an individual or group; advocacy of the preservation, restoration, or improvement of the natural environment; especially the movement to control pollution. 4. Natural capital is the air, land, water, living organisms and all the formations of the Earth’s biosphere that provides us with ecosystems goods and services imperative for survival and well-being. 5. A natural resource occurs naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by humanity; in a natural form; anything that people can use which comes from nature; we gather them from nature. EX: air, water, wood, oil, iron, wind energy, coal, hydroelectric energy. A natural/ecosystem service are regularly involved in the provisions of clean drinking water and the decomposition of waste. Natural ecosystem services is split into four categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits. 6. An environmentally sustainable society is a community that is in balance with nature; people in the society do actions that are good for the environment. 7. A developing country is a nation with lower living standards, underdeveloped industrial base, and low human development index relative to other countries. A developed country is a nation that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure in comparison to other less developed countries. 8. A developing country has lower life expectancy, less education, lower population, lower resource level usage and less money(income). A developed country has a higher life expectancy, more education, higher population, higher resource level usage and more money(income). 9. A resource is a source of supply, support or aid that can be readily drawn upon when needed. Conservation is the prevention of injury, decay, waste, or loss; the careful preservation of a natural resource in order to prevent depletion. 10. A renewable resource is a natural resource which can replenish with the passage of time, either through biological reproduction or other naturally reoccurring processes. EX: geothermal energy, hydropower, corn starch, manure. A nonrenewable resource is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames. EX: coal, petroleum, natural gas, and nuclear energy. 11. The difference between the concept of reuse and recycle is that reusing is when a product that is newly purchased is put to another use after the first use is completed. Recycling is processing of used materials (waste) into new products to prevent waste of potentially useful materials. 12. A sustainable yield is the extraction level of the resource which does not exceed the growth; the amount of renewable resources taken should not exceed the amount at which it can be replaced. 13. An ecological footprint is an accounting system that tracks how much land and water area a human being uses to provide all it takes from nature. 14. Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects. Point source...
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