Features of the seasons in India
Given below are the prominent features of the seasons in India in a tabular format:
Name of the season
The winter in India spans the months of December till the beginning of April. The coldest months of the year are January and December. During this period, the average temperature is approximately 50-59 °F (10-15 °C) in the northwestern parts of the country. The mercury soars as you move in the direction of the equator, and the maximum temperature in this area is close to 68-77 °F or 20-25 °C in the southeastern parts of the Indian territory. Summer. The summer is also known as the pre-monsoon season.
The summer months are the months of April to June. However, the summer refers to the months of April to July in the northwestern parts of the country. In the southern and western parts of the country, the month with the maximum recorded temperature is April. In case of the northern parts of the country, the month with the maximum recorded temperature is May. The average temperature registered during these months is close to 90-104 °F (32-40 °C) in majority of the inland areas of the country. Monsoon or rainy season
The monsoon, also known as the rainy season, spans the months of June to September. This season is primarily influenced with the moist southwestern summer torrential rainfall that gradually moves throughout the nation. It starts in the end of May or the beginning of June. The precipitation starts to ebb from Northern India in the early October. Usually, the southern parts of the country get higher volume of precipitation than the northern parts of the country. Post-monsoon season
The post-monsoon season spans the months of October to December. In the northwest parts of the country, the months of November and October normally have a bright weather. The Indian state of Tamil Nadu gets the maximum volume of yearly rainfall in the northeastern rainy season.
Characteristics of rainfall in India
Type of Rainfall
Areas of very little rainfall (lower than 50 cm):
Western Rajasthan, northern part of Kashmir, the Deccan Plateau and Punjab. Areas of low precipitation (50-100 cm):
Eastern Rajasthan, Upper Ganga basin, Southern plains of Karnataka, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. Areas of comparatively heavy rainfall (100-200 cm):
Southern areas of Gujarat, north-eastern Peninsular region, east Tamil Nadu, eastern Maharashtra, Western Ghats, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and the central Gangetic basin. Areas of heavy rainfall (more than 200 cm):
The western seashores, the Western Ghats, Hills of Meghalaya, and the Sub-Himalayan range territories in North East. West Bengal, Assam, Western Coast, and southern part of east Himalayas.
Agro climatic zones of India :-
Western Himalayan Region
Ladakh, Kashmir, Punjab, Jammu etc. brown soils & silty loam, steep slopes. 2
Eastern Himalayan Region
Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Darjeeling. Manipur etc. High rainfall and high forest covers heavy soil erosion, Floods. 3
Lower Gangatic plants Regions
West Bengal Soils mostly alluvial & are prone to floods.
Middle Gangatic plans Region
Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, High rainfall 39% irrigation, cropping intensity 142% 5
Upper Gangatic Plains Region
North region of U.P. (32 dists) irrigated by canal & tube wells good ground water 6
Trans Gangatic plains Region
Punjab Haryana Union territory of Delhi, Highest sown area irrigated high 7
Eastern Plateaus & Hills Region
Chota Nagpur, Garhjat hills, M.P, W. Banghelkhand plateau, Orissa, soils Shallow to medium sloppy, undulating Irrigation tank & tube wells. 8
Central Plateau & hills Region
Western Plateau & hills Region
Sahyadry, M.S. M.P. Rainfall 904 mm Sown area 65% forest 11% irrigation 12.4% 10
Southern Plateau & Hills Region
T. Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Typically semi and zone, Dry land Farming 81% Cropping Intensity 11% 11
East coast plains & hills...
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