A Literature Review: Addictive Behaviors

Topics: Nicotine, Addiction, Drug addiction Pages: 3 (804 words) Published: August 29, 2013
Thomas Hintz and Karl Mann are both under the department for addictive behaviour and addictive medicine, central institute of mental health in the University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. Thomas Hintz is working under the university as a research assistant for Prof. Dr. Karl Mann. Hintz holds a Diploma in Psychology from the University of Heidelberg. Prof. Dr. Mann is a full time professor at the University of Heidelberg in Addiction Medicine.

Critical Reflections
The main purpose of this article is to convince the readers that people who quits smoking tends to have a higher change to be addicted on alcohol use in another words, reducing the amount of smokers increases the number of alcohol users. There have been a number of years spend into successfully publishing this article and patients were being followed up after 7 years of index alcohol treatment. All of the reasons for supporting the article written by Hintz and Prof. Dr. Mann might have been influence by either psychological or spiritual issues on the subject; consideration of other contributing factors towards the different result were not actually mentioned clearly in the article. Although Hintz and Prof. Dr. Mann provided facts, reasons and results of the study, yet there are problem of the result and several reasons towards them. This gives a hole towards the article and weakens the stands of the authors. Examples include “after 7 years, 56% of patients (total surviving sample: 46%, 21 [11.1%] patients deceased during the follow-up time interval) were abstinent”. Acknowledging their research by offering mainly based on research and results, readers do not get opinion from either one of them or any advices. This might potentially increase the number of resistance from reader towards their arguments and stand in the article.

Numerous statements below indicate parts of the article which causes doubts and weakens the structure pr stand of the authors. For example,

Skills and insights...

Bibliography: Carver, C. S., Pozo, C., Harris, S. D., Noriega, V., Scheier, M. F., Robinson, D. S., et al. (1993). How coping mediates the effect of optimism and distress: A study of women with early stage breast cancer. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 375−390.
Kalman, D., Kahler, C. W., Tirch, D., Kaschub, C., Penk, W., & Monti, P. M. (2004). Twelve-week outcomes from an investigation of high-dose nicotine patch therapy for heavy smokers with a past history of alcohol dependence. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 78−82.
Marlatt, G. A. & Gordon, J. R. (Eds.). (1985). Relapse prevention. New York: Guilford Press.
Pennebaker, J. W., Colder, M., & Sharp, L. K. (1990). Accelerating the coping process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 528−537.
Schmidt, L. G., & Smolka, M. N. (2001). Relapse prevention in alcoholics by cigarette smoking? Involvement of nicotinicdopaminergic mechanisms. Alcohol, 24, 111−115.
Toneatto, A., Sobell, L. C., Sobell, M. C., & Kozlowski, L. T. (1995). Effects of cigarette smoking on alcohol treatment outcome. Journal of Substance Abuse, 7, 245−252.
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