Zero Population Growth Battle: The Cornucopians V.S. the neo-Malthusians
Zero population growth (ZPG) may be described as the state in which a country, state, or region is in during a time where the population does not increase nor decrease. At this state, the average total fertility rate is 2.1. As of now, the zero population growth movement is targeting underdeveloped countries and regions that have an exploding population, such as India and Sub-Saharan Africa. While ZPG may contradict with religious beliefs in these underdeveloped areas, there are ways to achieve a population that remains the same, such as birth control (condoms, pills), family planning, and pushing higher education on the poor. Birth control would prevent pregnancies. Family planning would help poor families to determine how to handle the situation of having two kids. Putting education into the equation would cause a better economy in India and Sub-Saharan Africa, which would then detour families from having a large number of kids. The neo-Malthusians believe that while population increases exponentially (1 person, 2 people, 4 people, 8 people, 16 people), food supply only increases arithmetically (1 tomato, 2 tomatoes, 3 tomatoes, 4 tomatoes).1 During the rapid increase of population, neo-Malthusians have a strong feeling that the food supply will run out, and thus, they agree with the zero population growth movement. However, to contradict this, the Cornucopians believe that the earth has a limitless natural resource base and that we humans can constantly expand without a problem.2
The ZPG movement may be more appealing to upper class citizens of developed, upscale countries than to struggling citizens of dirty, underdeveloped countries for several reasons. Because a majority of wealthy people are educated, many of them understand the ZPG movement more than the poor do. The rich people realize that the rapid growth of many people
may damage the economy...
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