Youth Involvement in Indian Politics

Topics: Indian National Congress, Political party, Lok Sabha Pages: 7 (2186 words) Published: August 11, 2013
Politics is a practise any theory of influencing other people on a civic or individual level.More narrowly it refers to achieving and accesing positions of governance-organized control over human comunity,particularly a state.A variety of methods in employed in politics which include promoting its own political views amoung people,negotiation with other political subject,making laws and exercising force including warfare against adversaries.Politics is exercused on a wide range of social level,from clans and tribes of traditional society,through modern local goverments,companies and institutions upto sovereign states to international level. Importance of Youth in Indian politics

In 2004, 50% of the Indian population was aged 30 years or younger; however, only 35 out of 543 Lok Sabha members (0.06%) were aged under 35. Nevertheless, a World Values Survey conducted by the World bank showed that the proportion of people aged 18–24 who identified themselves as "very" or "rather" interested in politics was around 50%, an increase of 15% since 1990. Bharat Uday Mission is one outfit of IITians who are planning to enter in politics at a certain point of time. These aren't sufficient enough to change the trend of present political situation in India. Many such ideologies have to be developed right from the schooling and certain schools have taken this initiative like TVSMHSS, Madurai. All major political parties have youth and student wings, such as Indian Youth Congress, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad and Democratic Youth Federation Of India

Where are youth in Indian politics?

Not many. The vast bulk of these legislators are elderly or middle-aged men, pot-bellied, not highly educated, and not terribly tuned in to the dynamics of globalization. There are only 44 women in the new parliament. Only about 35 parliamentarians are under the age of 35. 

But more than 50 percent of India's population of 1.1 billion consists of those below 30 years of age. And nearly a half of the total population is female. This may be an ancient culture dating back 5,000 years, but India is a young society. The newly elected Lok Sabha is largely geriatric. Another septuagenarian, Dr Manmohan Singh, is about to become prime minister.

So where are the young people in today's national politics? Other than scions of political dynasties such as the 33-year-old Mr Rahul Gandhi - son of Mrs Sonia Gandhi and the late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi - Mr Jyotiraditya Scindia, a member of the Gwalior royal family, and Mr Milind Deora, son of Mr Murli Deora, the Congress Party chieftain of Mumbai, few youths seem to actively participate in electoral politics. Why is that?

One answer lies in the culture. While India's Western-influenced private sector and academe have encouraged the entry of talented, ambitious young men and women, retail politics has largely relied on traditional local leaders who have paid their political dues at the grassroots. The culture venerates seniority. The culture endows older people with canniness that may not necessarily exceed that of younger leaders. Indeed, the culture dictates that older people be given respect by the masses. India, well into its 58th year as an independent nation, continues to be a culture characterized by overwhelming deference for older people.

Another answer may lie in the absence of specific institutions for the training of young people for leadership and public service. While national competitive exams are held each year for induction into the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Foreign Service, there's no equivalent for politics. Organizations such as the Youth Congress and the extreme rightwing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) exist mainly to draw young people in as minions for more established party figures.

Still another answer could be found in a perception that many young people have of politics as a corrupt business. It typically takes around US$2 million to...
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