1. How many years ago, is it estimated, that the shape of Australia’s coastline was defined?
• 6000 years ago
2. In what year did the Dutch first explore Australia’s coastline?
3. In what year did they proclaim Botany bay as a penal colony?
4. What disease in 1789 affected the Aboriginal population?
• Small pox
5. What happened to Aboriginal land in 1794?
• Aboriginals were dispossessed of their land
6. Describe the law relating to aborigines in 1816.
• No Aboriginal was to appear armed within 1 mile of any settlement and no more than six Aboriginals are allowed to 'lurk or loiter near farms'.
• Passports or certificates were issued to Aboriginal people "who conduct themselves in a suitable manner", to show they are officially accepted by Europeans.
• Five areas were set aside by Macquarie as agriculture reserves for the settlement of Aboriginals from the Sydney area. The Aboriginal people who settle on these lands were given seed, tools, stores and clothes for six months. Convicts are assigned to help with cultivation of crops.
7. Explain events in 1830 in Tasmania.
• It was the Black Wars in Tasmania. Governor Arthur tried unsuccessfully to drive all the remaining Aboriginals from eastern Van Diemen's Land on to the Tasman Peninsula. 2 200 men formed a 'Black Line'. It cost 5000 pounds and only two Aboriginal people were caught - an old man and a young boy.
8. In what year did the Myall Creek Massacre occur?
9. In what year were the Native Police formed?
10. What is the protection policy?
• Aboriginal protection act of 1869. Victoria was the first Colony to enact this comprehensive scheme to regulate the lives of Aboriginal people. This Act gave powers to the Board for the Protection of Aborigines which subsequently developed into an extraordinary level of control of people's lives including regulation of
References: • http://australianmuseum.net.au/Indigenous-Australia • http://www.abc.net.au/missionvioces/general/timeline/default.htm