Wikileaks Introduction

Topics: 2010, Federal government of the United States Pages: 44 (20931 words) Published: March 28, 2011
WikiLeaks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes submissions of private, secret, and classified media from anonymous news sources, news leaks, and whistleblowers. Its website, launched in 2006 under The Sunshine Press[5] organisation,[6] claimed a database of more than 1.2 million documents within a year of its launch.[7] WikiLeaks describes its founders as a mix of Chinese dissidents, journalists, mathematicians, and start-up company technologists from the United States, Taiwan, Europe, Australia, and South Africa.[8] Julian Assange, an Australian Internet activist, is generally described as its director.[9] The site was originally launched as a user-editable wiki, but has progressively moved towards a more traditional publication model and no longer accepts either user comments or edits. In April 2010, WikiLeaks published gunsight footage from the 12 July 2007 Baghdad airstrike in which Iraqi civilians and journalists were killed by an Apache helicopter, as the Collateral Murder video. In July of the same year, WikiLeaks released Afghan War Diary, a compilation of more than 76,900 documents about the War in Afghanistan not previously available for public review.[10] In October 2010, the group released a package of almost 400,000 documents called the Iraq War Logs in coordination with major commercial media organisations. This allowed every death in Iraq, and across the border in Iran, to be mapped.[11] In November 2010, WikiLeaks began releasing U.S. State department diplomatic cables.


[1][2] (originally)[Note] Official mirrors list ( Slogan We open governments.

Commercial? No Type of site Owner Created by Launched Alexa rank Current status Document archive & disclosure The Sunshine Press Julian Assange 4 October 2006[3] 1,970 (February 2011)[4] Active

WikiLeaks has received praise as well as criticism. The organisation has won a number of awards, including The Economist's New Media Award in 2008[12] and Amnesty International's UK Media Award in 2009.[13][14] In 2010, the New York City Daily ews listed WikiLeaks first among websites "that could totally change the news",[15] and Julian Assange received the Sam Adams Award[16] and was named the Readers' Choice for TIME's Person of the Year in 2010.[17] The UK Information Commissioner has stated that "WikiLeaks is part of the phenomenon of the online, empowered citizen".[18] In its first days, an Internet petition calling for the cessation of extra-judicial intimidation of WikiLeaks attracted over Julian Assange, the main spokesperson six hundred thousand signatures.[19] Supporters of WikiLeaks in the and editor-in-chief for WikiLeaks media and academia have commended it for exposing state and corporate secrets, increasing transparency, supporting freedom of the press, and enhancing democratic discourse while challenging powerful institutions.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

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WikiLeaks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

At the same time, several U.S. government officials have criticized WikiLeaks for exposing classified information and claimed that the leaks harm national security and compromise international diplomacy.[27][28] [29][30][31] Several human rights organisations requested with respect to earlier document releases that WikiLeaks adequately redact the names of civilians working with international forces, in order to prevent repercussions.[32] Some journalists have likewise criticised a perceived lack of editorial discretion when releasing thousands of documents at once and without sufficient analysis.[33] In response to some of the negative reaction, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has expressed her concern...
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