wiki

Topics: Wiki, Wikipedia, Wiki software Pages: 18 (5404 words) Published: December 5, 2013
Wiki
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This article is about the type of website. For the article about Wikipedia, see Wikipedia. For other uses, see Wiki (disambiguation). "Edit summary" redirects here. For edit summaries as used in Wikipedia, see Help:Edit summary. "WikiNode" redirects here. For the WikiNode of Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:WikiNode. Page semi-protected

Ward Cunningham, inventor of the wiki

A wiki (Listeni/ˈwɪki/ WIK-ee) is usually a web application which allows people to add, modify, or delete content in a collaboration with others. Text is usually written using a simplified markup language or a rich-text editor.[1][2] While a wiki is a type of content management system, it differs from a blog or most other such systems in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users.[2]

The encyclopedia project Wikipedia is the most popular wiki on the public web in terms of page views[citation needed], but there are many sites running many different kinds of wiki software. Wikis can serve many different purposes both public and private, including knowledge management, notetaking, community websites and intranets. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access). For example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules may also be imposed to organize content.

Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, originally described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work".[3] "Wiki" (pronounced [ˈwiti] or [ˈviti]) is a Hawaiian word meaning "fast" or "quick".[4][5]

Contents

1 Characteristics
1.1 Editing wiki pages
1.2 Navigation
1.3 Linking and creating pages
1.4 Searching
2 History
3 Implementations
4 Trust and security
4.1 Controlling changes
4.2 Trustworthiness
4.3 Security
4.3.1 Potential malware vector
5 Communities
5.1 Applications
5.2 WikiNodes
5.3 Participants
5.4 Growth factors
6 Conferences
7 Rules
8 Legal environment
9 See also
10 References
11 Further reading
12 External links

Characteristics

Ward Cunningham and co-author Bo Leuf, in their book The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web, described the essence of the Wiki concept as follows:[citation needed]

A wiki invites all users to edit any page or to create new pages within the wiki Web site, using only a plain-vanilla Web browser without any extra add-ons. Wiki promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making page link creation almost intuitively easy and showing whether an intended target page exists or not. A wiki is not a carefully crafted site for casual visitors. Instead, it seeks to involve the visitor in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that constantly changes the Web site landscape.

A wiki enables communities to write documents collaboratively, using a simple markup language and a web browser. A single page in a wiki website is referred to as a "wiki page", while the entire collection of pages, which are usually well interconnected by hyperlinks, is "the wiki". A wiki is essentially a database for creating, browsing, and searching through information. A wiki allows non-linear, evolving, complex and networked text, argument and interaction.[6]

A defining characteristic of wiki technology is the ease with which pages can be created and updated. Generally, there is no review before modifications are accepted. Many wikis are open to alteration by the general public without requiring registration of user accounts. Many edits can be made in real-time and appear almost instantly online. This can...

References: Jump up ^ Cunningham, Ward (June 27, 2002), What is a Wiki, WikiWikiWeb, retrieved April 10, 2008
Jump up ^ Hawaiian Words; Hawaiian to English [Retrieved September 19, 2008].
^ Jump up to: a b Ebersbach 2008, p. 10
Jump up ^ Cunningham, Ward (November 1, 2003), Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki, WikiWikiWeb, retrieved March 9, 2007
Jump up ^ Cunningham, Ward (February 25, 2008), Wiki History, WikiWikiWeb, retrieved March 9, 2007
^ Jump up to: a b http://www.artima.com/intv/wiki.html
Jump up ^ Cunningham, Ward (July 26, 2007), Wiki Wiki Hyper Card, WikiWikiWeb, retrieved March 9, 2007
Jump up ^ Diamond, Graeme (March 1, 2007), March 2007 new words, OED, Oxford University Press, retrieved March 16, 2007
Jump up ^ Soft Security, UseModWiki, September 20, 2006, retrieved March 9, 2007
Jump up ^ "Security — Assothink Wiki" (in French)
Jump up ^ WikiStats by S23, S23Wiki, April 3, 2008, retrieved April 7, 2007
Jump up ^ Alexa Web Search – Top 500, Alexa Internet, retrieved April 15, 2008
Jump up ^ Conlin, Michelle (November 28, 2005), E-Mail Is So Five Minutes Ago, Businessweek
Jump up ^ HomePage [Retrieved 8 May 2012].
Jump up ^ MM Wanderley, D Birnbaum, J Malloch (2006), New Interfaces For Musical Expression, IRCAM – Centre Pompidou, p. 180, ISBN 2-84426-314-3
Jump up ^ Nancy T
Jump up ^ Summit.atlassian.com. Atlassian Summit homepage [Retrieved June 20, 2011].
Jump up ^ Wiki.regiowiki.eu. European RegioWikiSociety homepage; June 10, 2011 [Retrieved June 20, 2011].
Jump up ^ Semantic-mediawiki.org. SMWCon homepage [Retrieved June 20, 2011].
Jump up ^ Tiki.org. TikiFest homepage [Retrieved June 20, 2011].
Jump up ^ Conservapedia.com. Conservapedia.com; May 15, 2010 [Retrieved July 24, 2010].
Jump up ^ Redwood Music Ltd v. B Feldman & Co Ltd (RPC 385), 1979
Jump up ^ Kathleen M
Further reading
Ebersbach, Anja (2008), Wiki: Web Collaboration, Springer Science+Business Media, ISBN 3-540-35150-7
Leuf, Bo (April 13, 2001), The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web, Addison–Wesley, ISBN 0-201-71499-X
Mader, Stewart (December 10, 2007), Wikipatterns, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0-470-22362-6
Tapscott, Don (April 17, 2008), Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything, Portfolio Hardcover, ISBN 1-59184-193-3
External links
WikiTeam, a volunteer group to preserve wikis
Murphy, Paula (April 2006)
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